ligament had to be ligated to facilitate the removal of the vagus nerve tumor, which had extended medially and caused an inward bulge in the oropharynx.
Hamular bursitis (HB) can cause referred craniofacial pain, which may be disguised as temporomandibular disorders, impacted teeth, trigeminal and glossopha- ryngeal neuralgia, stylohyoid ligament calcification, stylomandibular
ligament inflammation, tumors and otitis media.7 HB is a rare disease, and only few cases have been reported till date.
The surrounding supporting ligamentous structures are the temporomandibular, sphenomandibular, and stylomandibular
Along this course it passes over the hypoglossal nerve and below the stylomandibular
The stylohyoid ligament connects the apex of the styloid process and the lesser horn of the hyoid bone, and the stylomandibular
ligament extends from the styloid process to the parotideomasseteric fascia between the mandible and the mastoid process.
Also, a physical and visual examination of associated structures such as the pterygoid hamulus of the soft palate, the stylohyoid complex, the temporalis tendon, the sphenopalatinum ganglion, paranasal sinuses, the stylomandibular
ligament, the parotid gland and the dental structures as well as possible cervical lesions should be included.
Eagle's syndrome represents a group of symptoms that includes recurrent throat pain, globus pharyngeus, dysphagia, referred otalgia, and neck pain possibly caused by elongation of the styloid process or ossification of the stylohyoid or stylomandibular
The posterior border of the superficial part is separated from the parotid gland by the stylomandibular
ligament, which is the thick part of the parotid fascia.