Treatment with or without internal fixation for ulnar styloid
base fractures accompanied by distal radius fractures fixed with volar locking plate.
Process Elongation or Eagle's Syndrome: Is There Any Role for Ectopic Calcification?
The most important cause of a secondary glossopharyngeal neuralgia is the Eagle's syndrome due to either an elongated styloid
process or calcification of the stylohyoid ligament.
(1,2) In the presence of an elongated styloid
bone or stylohyoid, diagnostic consideration is often given to Eagle syndrome, but it may have a more insidious presentation.
Males from the 65+ age group had a higher incidence of the following fractures: distal humerus (22%), distal radius + styloid
ulnae (25%), proximal femur (22%), and proximal humerus (20%), but did not surpass the percentages of these fractures in the females aged 65+.
Chiropractors and other manual therapy providers should note, however, that elongated styloid
processes or ossified stylohyoid ligaments may pose a relative contraindication to thrust manipulation of the cervical spine.
A case of a very elongated styloid
process 8 cm in length with frequent throat pain for 10 years.
The MH extended from the ulnar styloid
to the dorsal edge of the triquetrum, hamate, and the base of the fifth metacarpal.
The most common associated bony type of distal radioulnar injury is avulsion of the ulnar styloid
. While good fixation techniques have evolved for distal radius fractures, the treatment of ulnar styloid
fractures has remained challenging.
Spaces of the suprahyoid head and neck * Visceral (pharyngomucosal space) * Retropharyngeal * Prevertebral (perivertebral space) * Parapharyngeal (prestyloid parapharyngeal) * Carotid sheath (carotid, post styloid
parapharyngeal) * Masticator * Buccal * Parotid * Sublingual * Submandibular Table 2.
SP morphological calcification types were classified as per the method of MacDonald Jankowski (12), who had rated the types of elongation as follows: Pattern: (A) Region 1 = tympanohyal alone: (B) Region 2 = stylohyal alone: (C) Region 1 and 2, separate: (D) Regions 1 and 2, continuous: (E) Regions 1, 2, and 3, continuous: (F) Regions 1, 2, and 3, separate: (G) Regions 1 and 2, continuous, but separate from 3: (H) Regions 2 and 3, separate: (I) Regions 2 and 3, continuous, but separate from 1: (J) Region 3 alone: (K) Region 3 and 4, continuous (may include calcification in one other region): (L) No styloid