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A branch of psychology interested in the basic structure and elements of consciousness.
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In this context, structural linguistics as an objective scientific method but at the same time being concerned with man, provides an opportunity for the method of social sciences regarding (relatively) objective knowledge (Levi-Strauss,1963a: 5657).
This book is less a history than an attempted expose of structural linguistics, and a strangely biased one at that.
Structural linguistics is more often than not an authoritative discourse that Levi-Strauss follows in spirit, but not to the letter.
(What does seem to help is structural linguistics.)
Which branch of linguistics is on the right path, structural linguistics or generative grammar?
This quantitative approach, he feels, is the logical extension of one side of modern linguistic theory; it extends Saussure's definition-by-difference ("radicalisme negativiste") to a process of equation and negation in which poetic experience is neutralized and ultimately lost, "ou le signe se vide a la limite de toute substance." He mentions Derrida and Deleuze as examples of contemporary negativist thought and a structural linguistics that focuses on the play of the signifier.
His major achievement was his reinterpretation of Freud's work in terms of structural linguistics. His influence extended well beyond the field of psychoanalysis to make him one of the dominant figures in French cultural life during the 1970s.
For Appiah, race is part of the meaning-making machinery of that world rather than a synonym for culture, and the principles of structural linguistics are, like those of science, not of much value in the explication of race.
In the third chapter ("The Connection with Semiotics"), which follows naturally from the case against structural linguistics mounted in the second, Graham extends his attack on Saussure to include the more general claims for a "science of signs." He analyzes contemporary arguments made by both "structural" and "semiotic" theories, which in the author's view share a common, fatal flaw.
Using the methodology of structural linguistics to analyze the polemical rhetoric, he describes the decreasing effectiveness of the socialization as the rewards become more intangible and the goals and targets of the later Cultural Revolution campaigns become increasingly esoteric, couched as they were in historical allegory and symbolism.
Noting Jacques Lacan's (1901-81) famous motto of a "return to Freud," Tomsic argues that in the late 1960s, the French psychiatrist initiated a second return to Freud, in which the reference to structural linguistics (particularly Saussure and Jakobson) was supplemented with Marx's critique of political economy.
He treats this as a synchronic question, and draws on the terminology of French structural linguistics, especially E.

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