stress genes

stress genes

A general term for genes that are induced to transcribe following exposure to DNA-damaging agents such as radiation or the action of oxygen free radicals.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers also observed that several well-known stress genes, like the glucocorticoid receptor and its repressor protein FKBP51, which both regulate one of our most important stress hormones, cortisol, were among the most differentially methylated.
Genetic engineering endeavors can be facilitated by the use of these bioinformatics tools for crop improvement and to produce resistant varieties of plants through introduction of preferable salt stress genes in foreground.
This observation is a good example of that; even if the overall changes in the stress response processes are similar to each other, the responses recorded at the level of the expression of individual stress genes may follow unique, stress-type-specific patterns.
Although the biological role of oxidative stress pathways has been extensively demonstrated, it is still unclear which and how oxidative stress genes predict bad prognosis and if their modulation is cancer-type specific.
These cascades target the proteins carrying the function of cellular protection and also target the transcriptional factors which regulate stress genes (Fig.
The expression of salt stress genes was investigated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR.
Polymorphisms in the oxidative stress genes, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Figure 6 illustrates the increase in protein expression of the heat stress genes and proteins thus providing a confirmation of the potential of AGN extract in protecting the cell from heat stress.
Once activated, the transcription factor induces a suite of stress genes (collectively represented by G) to counteract changes in the controlled variable brought about by the cellular stressor (S).
Xu et al., "Enhanced tolerance to chilling stress in OsMYB3R-2 transgenic rice is mediated by alteration in cell cycle and ectopic expression of stress genes," Plant Physiology, vol.
Transcriptional response of stress genes to metal exposure in zebra mussel larvae and adults.
Most of the genetic changes following exercise in the soleus muscles were from the following gene families; stress genes (Knight, 1999; McKenzie and Goldfarb, 2007; Sen, 1994), cell cycle genes (Mahoney et al., 2005; McKenzie and Goldfarb, 2007), muscle contraction (Adhihetty et al., 2003; Bonen et al., 1999; McKenzie and Goldfarb, 2007), homeostasis (Mahoney et al., 2005; McKenzie and Goldfarb, 2007), and mitochondrial biogenesis (McKenzie and Goldfarb, 2007; Pilegaard et al., 2003).