stress fracture


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fa·tigue frac·ture

fracture that occurs in bone subjected to repetitive stress, most often transverse in configuration.
Synonym(s): stress fracture

stress fracture

n.
A fracture of bone caused by repeated application of a heavy load, such as the constant pounding on a surface by runners, gymnasts, and dancers.
A fracture due to repeated, unidirectional stress or strain on a particular musculoskeletal zone, or due to repeated relatively trivial bone trauma, resulting in local bone resorption
At risk groups Runners, ballet dancers—fibula, tibia; soldiers—metatarsal bones; jackhammer/pneumatic drill operators—metacarpal bones; office workers—coccyx

stress fracture

Fatigue fracture, insufficiency fracture Orthopedics A fracture due to repeated, unidirectional stress or strain on a particular musculoskeletal zone, or due to repeated relatively trivial bone trauma People & places Runners, ballet dancers–fibula, tibia; soldiers–metatarsal bones; jackhammer/pneumatic drill operators–metacarpal bones, office workers–coccyx. See March fracture.

fa·tigue frac·ture

(fă-tēg' frak'shŭr)
Breakage that occurs in bone subjected to repetitive stress; most often transverse in configuration.
Synonym(s): stress fracture.

Stress fracture

A hairline fracture (narrow crack along the surface of a bone) that is caused by repeated stress to the bone, such as from jogging, rather than from a single heavy blow.

fa·tigue frac·ture

(fă-tēg' frak'shŭr)
Breakage that occurs in bone subjected to repetitive stress.
Synonym(s): stress fracture.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stress fractures of the pubic rami may occur subsequent to THA and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of groin pain following a THA procedure.
In contradiction to the more prevalent lead-side injury, when rib stress fracture occurred on the golfer's trailside, authors of these articles attributed this discrepancy in injury location to different injury mechanisms.
Stress fractures: Definition, diagnosis and treatment.
Risk factors for stress fractures in track and field athletes.
Chronic bone stress fractures of the right T8 and T9 superior articular processes were also found (Fig.
Although a lower likelihood than a traumatic fracture, a stress fracture of the talus is also associated with a risk of avascular necrosis [24].
Stress fracture is defined as a partial or complete bone fracture as a consequence of repeated stress application which is lower than that required for bone fracture in a single loading situation5.
A stress fracture should be suspected in anyone who is submitted to repetitive stress and has local chronic pain, but since the complaints and findings are usually vague and nonspecific, the diagnosis is ultimately established by imaging studies.
reported that, among 320 athletes with a bone scan-positive stress fracture, a pelvic fracture was reported in only five cases (1.6%) [4].
Both intrinsic and extrinsic factors have been associated with an increased risk of femoral neck stress fracture. Extrinsic factors may include the type of physical activity, prior training regimens, footwear, and environment.
The investigators reviewed the medical records of patients who experienced lower extremity pain, with a suspected stress fracture, over a three-year period from August 2011 to July 2014.
In any given year, more than one in five runners will sustain a stress fracture (1).