stratum corneum


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Related to stratum corneum: stratum granulosum, Stratum spinosum

stratum

 [stra´tum, strat´um] (L.)
a sheetlike mass of tissue; see also lamina and layer.
stratum basa´le the deepest layer of the epidermis, composed of a single layer of basophilic cells. Called also basal layer of epidermis.
stratum cor´neum the outer horny layer of the epidermis, consisting of cells that are dead and desquamating. Called also horny layer.
stratum germinati´vum
1. the stratum basalis and stratum spinosum considered together; called also malpighian layer.
2. the lower layer of the nail, from which the nail grows; called also germinative layer.
stratum granulo´sum the cell layer of the epidermis lying between the stratum lucidum and the stratum spinosum. Called also granular layer.
1. the deep layer of the cortex of the cerebellum.
2. the layer of follicle cells lining the theca of the vesicular ovarian follicle; called also granular layer.
stratum lu´cidum the clear translucent layer of the epidermis, just beneath the stratum corneum. Called also clear layer.
stratum spino´sum the layer of the epidermis between the stratum granulosum and stratum basalis, marked by the presence of prickle cells; called also spinous layer and prickle-cell layer.

stratum corneum

(kôr′nē-əm)
n. pl. strata cornea
The horny outer layer of the epidermis, consisting of several layers of flat, nonnucleated, dead or peeling cells.
References in periodicals archive ?
The content of free amino acids in the stratum corneum is increased in senile xerosis.
The introduction of high performance liquid chromatography in combination with electrospray ionization and tandem mass spectroscopic methodology for analysis of stratum corneum ceramides has led to the identification and quantitation of individual molecular species [19].
Electroporation is the other strategy which relies on utilization of whether short (micro-to milli-second), or high-voltage electrical pulses to generate transient pores in the composition of the stratum corneum [3].
TEWL through the stratum corneum and skin appendages under non-sweating conditions is the imperceptible water loss.4 It is a true reflection of stratum corneum barrier function, when there is no sweat gland activity.
Moreover, we observed that skin damage, such as elimination of the intercellular lipid lamellae in the stratum corneum, was remarkably reduced in the AT group as compared with AE group (Figure 5).
Tierney et al., "Water-holding and transport properties of skin stratum corneum of infants and toddlers are different from those of adults: studies in three geographical regions and four ethnic groups," Pediatric Dermatology, vol.
The stratum corneum is the main skin layer providing protection against friction from outside contact and preventing transepidermal water loss (TEWL).
The decreased level of NMF results in a change of pH in stratum corneum, which may affect the activity of KLK5, 7 and injure the skin barrier further.[sup][35]
Too little moisture causes the stratum corneum to shrink and makes the skin appear cracked.1
The anti-inflammatory effect was found in the treatment with both particle sizes BetaNP1000 (1000 nm), and BetaNP100 (100 nm), however, the therapeutic response was much higher with the BetaNP100, due to its high diffusion within the stratum corneum (Abdel-Mottaleb et al, 2012).
Emollients soften while moisturisers add moisture (Lawton 2009) and work to increase the hydration of the stratum corneum by occluding the skin's surface so that water is not lost.
Then it was mounted on the Franz-type diffusion cells with the stratum corneum side facing upward into the donor compartment.

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