stratosphere


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stratosphere

the region of the Earth's atmosphere between 10 and 50km in altitude.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Montreal Protocol, signed in 1987 and effective from 1989, banned the use of ozone-depleting substances, and scientists reported seeing a recovery of the layer since the 1990s, mainly in the upper layers of the stratosphere.
To study the gas giant's stratosphere, scientists used spectroscopy to analyze how the planet's brightness changed at different wavelengths of light.
According to climate model projections and global warming, Aubry and his co-authors found the amount of volcanic sulfur gasses in the stratosphere will decrease anywhere from two to twelve per cent in the next 100 years.
So incorporating this decade-scale effect of the stratosphere on the sea into supercomputer climate simulations or "models" is important in forecasting decade-to-decade climate changes that are distinct from global warming, according to Reichler.
The research, which has been published in the journal Science, will force atmospheric scientists to rethink the state of the stratosphere.
The researchers speculate that the amount of water vapor gradually rising into the stratosphere at tropical latitudes has decreased, possibly because of a shift in global patterns of sea-surface temperatures that influence rates of evaporation and water vapor movement.
As on Yamaha's new FJR1300AS, the motor is linked to an automatic gearbox, but unlike the Yamaha, on the Stratosphere the rider can choose whether to let the bike shift for itself or revert to a conventional clutch and gear lever if they prefer.
On the rare occasions when volcanoes do vent quantities of oxides of sulfur into the stratosphere--such eruptions as El Chichon in 1982 and Mount Pinatubo in 1991--the sulfuric acid droplets remain suspended in the stratosphere for years and are diffused globally.
Under terms of the partnership agreement, the companies have integrated Stone Pillar's TestChipBuilder with Stratosphere Solutions' StratoPro[TM] silicon intellectual property (IP) platform to improve parametric yield at 45 nanometer (nm) and below.
The Hubble Space Telescope has relayed information that helped scientists discover that an exoplanet in a system 900 light years away from Earth may have a stratosphere.
While study coauthor Mark Baldwin of the University of Exeter notes that "[w] e have known for about 15 years that the stratosphere affects surface weather and climate," the new research helps to identify the details that make this region so influential.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A new study suggests something amazing: Periodic changes in winds 15 to 30 miles high in the stratosphere influence the seas by striking a vulnerable "Achilles heel" in the North Atlantic and changing mile-deep ocean circulation patterns, which in turn affect Earth's climate.

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