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Related to strangulation: strangulated hernia
1. choke (def. 2).
2. impairment of blood supply to a part by mechanical constriction of the vessels; see also hemostasis (def. 2).
stran·gu·la·tion(strang'gyū-lā'shŭn), Do not confuse this word with incarceration.
The act of strangulating or the condition of being strangulated, in any sense: compression, constriction, herniation.
1. choke (2).
2. arrest of circulation in a part due to compression. See hemostasis (2).
a. The act of strangling or strangulating.
b. The state of being strangled or strangulated.
2. Medicine Constriction of a body part so as to cut off the flow of blood or another fluid: strangulation of the intestine.
Etymology: L, strangulare, to choke
the constriction of a tubular structure of the body, such as the trachea, a segment of bowel, or the blood vessels of a limb, that prevents function or impedes circulation. See also intestinal strangulation.
Medspeak The blocking of the normal flow of blood, faeces, etc.—through an elongated or tubular structure—e.g., a strangulated hernia (GI contents)—or penile strangulation by placing metal rings at the base of the penis, stopping blood flow, which may require amputation
strangulationForensic medicine Transient, or more commonly, permanent occlusion of the tracheal lumen; 3500 suicidal strangulations occur/yr–US, 1983; homicidal strangulations represent 5-10% of criminally violent deaths in urban populations. Cf Sexual asphyxia Obstetrics See Cord strangulation.
Strangulation–Manner, mechanism, setting
Manner of death Hanging–usually suicidal, ligature, manual, postural
Mechanism of death
• Mechanical constriction of neck structures–primary mechanism in suicidal stangulation; it is unknown whether arterial occlusion, venous occlusion, or asphyxia causes most deaths in 'mechanical' strangulation
• Injury to spinal cord and brainstem–due to drop, the intended cause of death in judicial hangings
• Cardiac arrest, possibly facilitated by pressure on the carotid sinus, and pericarotid sympathetic and parasympathetic networks
Setting Suicidal, homicidal, accidental, judicial–no longer performed in developed nations, despite its alleged value as a crime deterrent and for pre-TV entertainment
Ann Emerg Med 1984; 13:179
The act of strangulating or the condition of being strangulated, in any sense.
strangulationConstriction or compression of any passage or tube in the body, such as the jugular veins of the neck in manual strangulation, or the intestine in HERNIA. Strangulation may also result from twisting of a part as in VOLVULUS or torsion of the testis.
1. arrest of respiration by occlusion of the air passages.