stimulus-response


Also found in: Acronyms.

stimulus-response

the key mechanism within the animal which permits it to adapt as perfectly as possible to its environment.

stimulus-response apparatus
a receptor region responding directly to a stimulus, e.g. sound, touch, smell, vision, an afferent neuron which conveys the stimulus towards the central nervous system, a synapse where the afferent path meets the efferent path, an efferent neuron conveying stimuli from the CNS, and an effector (a muscle, gland or neurosecretory cell).
References in periodicals archive ?
Temporary activation of perceptual-motor associations: A stimulus-response interpretation of automaticity.
Derived stimulus-response and stimulus-stimulus relations in children and adults: Assessing training order effects.
The behaviorist stimulus-response model that explains the strong direct influences of media on the audience is one of Lasswell's schema extensions.
Furthermore, in both experiments the sizes of the Simon effect were very similar for onset and offset targets suggesting abstract stimulus-response codes.
Stimulus-Response Learning--The learner acquires a precise response to a discriminated stimulus.
Such experiments demolish the old notion of behaviorism, which held that rats (and people, for that matter) were little more than stimulus-response machines.
However, maximizing the rates of deep learning and understanding is dependent on counteracting student and faculty preferences for the polar opposite of active learning which is passive or stimulus-response learning.
These differences represent differences in stimulus-response relations and, ultimately, in the programing involved in building a reading comprehension repertoire.
From Blackwell's Visibility Level to Rea's models of Relative Visual Performance, we have learned much about the nature of the stimulus-response relationships relating to human visual performance.
Crone, Bunge, van der Molen, Ridderinkhof, (2006) tested the hypothesis that developmental changes in task switch performance were associated with changes in facilitating or interfering effect of the previously retrieved stimulus-response association.
Years of scrupulous research in bioelectrical stimulus-response mechanisms provided the foundation needed for Dr.
Cognitive psychologists and most linguists have argued that language behavior cannot be learned "simply" through stimulus-response relations (Chomsky, 1959).