stimulus generalization


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

stim·u·lus gen·er·al·i·za·tion

in pavlovian conditioning, the eliciting of a conditioned response by stimuli never before experienced but similar to a particular conditioned stimulus. See: conditioning, classical conditioning.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

stim·u·lus gen·er·al·i·zation

(stimyū-lŭs jenĕr-ăl-ī-zāshŭn)
In pavlovian conditioning, eliciting a conditioned response by stimuli never before experienced but similar to a particular conditioned stimulus.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of discrimination training on stimulus generalization. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 58, 321-334.
Metaphors, similes, idioms and proverbs are examples of figurative language that are essentially based on stimulus generalization. In most such expressions, a relationship shared by two sets of stimuli is expressed through an analogy as in the idiomatic expression, "Don't let the cat out of the bag," which likens letting a feline escape to giving out a secret.
Future research could examine whether parent-reported improvements on weekly ECBI scores are associated with stimulus generalization of parents' skills during PCIT.
Although the phenomenon of response generalization is a natural setting in which to apply the test of probabilistic independence to decide whether an intervening variable should be introduced, it might seem at first glance that the phenomenon of stimulus generalization is much less amenable to this treatment.
Stimulus generalization and equivalence classes: a model for natural categories.
To further evaluate FCT, analyses are needed on both stimulus generalization (e.g., responding across untrained antecedent stimuli such as persons, tasks, and settings) and changes in other positive social responses, such task completion and social interactions, following the completion of FCT.
Discriminability and stimulus generalization. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 51, 79-88.
Although exact explanation of the uneasiness with functional analyses is unknown, three behavioral concepts should be explored in attempting to understand the functional analysis carryover effects, or the lack thereof: (a) extinction burst, (b) stimulus generalization, and (c) establishment of new contingencies.
Keywords: Perspective-taking, Relational Frame Theory, Theory of Mind, stimulus generalization, response generalization.
Stimulus generalization decrement or stimulus change, due to the compounding of the excitatory flavor and the test flavor (extinguished of preexposed), might largely be responsible for the summation effect after both extinction and preexposure.
For example, if the stimulus of interest is a line of particular length, absolute control would be evinced by a pattern of responding to lines of a matching length (or similar lengths due to stimulus generalization).
Shaping procedures and stimulus generalization procedures (also termed programming common stimuli and stimulus fading in previous research) have been identified as the two most common effective behavioral interventions for promoting speech (Stone, Kratochwill, Sladezcek, & Serlin, 2002).