stimulus control


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Related to stimulus control: discriminative stimulus

control

 [kon-trōl´]
1. the governing or limitation of certain objects, events, or physical responses.
2. a standard against which experimental observations may be evaluated, as a procedure identical to the experimental procedure except for the absence of the one factor being studied.
3. conscious restraint and regulation of impulses and suppression of instincts and affects.
4. a patient or group differing from the case or treated group under study by lacking the disease or by having a different or absent treatment or regimen. The controls and subjects usually otherwise have certain similarities to allow or enhance comparison between them.
automatic brightness control an automated exposure device used in radiology; it senses light and adjusts itself to produce a predetermined fluoroscopic density.
automatic exposure control a timer by which the exposure of x-ray film is determined by the radiographer but the length of exposure is determined by the equipment.
aversive control in behavior therapy, the use of unpleasant stimuli to change undesirable behavior.
birth control see birth control.
hemorrhage control in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as reduction or elimination of rapid and excessive blood loss.
infection control see infection control.
infection control: intraoperative in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as preventing nosocomial infection in the operating room.
motor control the generation and coordination of movement patterns to produce function; it may either control movements of the body in space or stabilize the body in space. See also postural control.
postural control motor control that stabilizes the body in space by integrating sensory input about body position (somatosensory, visual, and vestibular input) with motor output to coordinate the action of muscles and keep the body's center of mass within its base of support. An important aspect of postural control is the righting reactions. Called also balance.
stimulus control any influence exerted by the environment on behavior.

stim·u·lus con·trol

the use of conditioning techniques to bring the target behavior of an individual under environmental control. See: classical conditioning.

stim·u·lus con·trol

(stim'yū-lŭs kŏn-trōl')
The use of conditioning techniques to bring the target behavior of an individual under environmental control.
References in periodicals archive ?
A possible explanation of the improved results in the second test is that the non-arbitrary relational response was applicable trial after trial (Perez & Garcia, 2009), and thus reinforced relational stimulus control. The higher increase of correct responses observed in condition 4, though statistically non significant, would be consistent with the fact that explicit reinforcement is usually more intense, and thus shapes behaviour more efficiently.
The data showed that 3 out of 4 children maintained the conditioned reinforcement stimulus control from 33% to 100% for books one month after they achieved the criterion for book conditioning.
While all four behavioral techniques are important contributors to a successful exercise program, contracting and stimulus control are thought to be the promoters of exercise adherence behavior, while goal setting and self-monitoring help maintain exercise adherence behavior.
Teacher's generalize use of delay as a stimulus control procedure to increase language use in handicapped children.
In most experimental tasks, competing stimulus control is assessed through the repeated presentation of various stimulus combinations, using experimental control to rule out the interference of extraneous variables (Fields, Garruto, & Watanabe, 2010).
In addition, the experimental procedure mapped the routes of stimulus control in the matching-to-sample tasks (Selection control or Sample/S+ and Rejection control of Sample/S-) to enhance knowledge about the necessary and sufficient conditions to learn the relation between names and pictures.
Hence, this procedure was intended to break the supposed non-separable compound samples, encouraging stimulus control by the P and Q elements of the compound samples.
Metaphorical generalizations (that create what are generally called metaphors), philosophically and linguistically thought to be a cognitive and creative achievement of a high order, also are a special kind of tacts under more refined discriminative stimulus control. Skinner's (1957) example, Juliet is the sun (metaphor) or Juliet is like the sun (simile), shows that the variables that controlled Romeo the speaker are sun and Juliet who shared some common stimulus property that affected him.
During discrimination training, Mark was taught to discriminate the contingencies in place when one of two stimulus control cards was present.
More complex nonpharmacologic interventions include cognitive therapy, which addresses patients' anxiety-provoking and erroneous beliefs about sleep, and behavioral therapy, which uses relaxation training, stimulus control, and sleep restriction to manage the sleep disorder.