Londono (C) said it was "rather sad" that the Sun newspaper had used the World Cup "to target a country and continue to stigmatize
it" (AFP/File / Nestor Osorio / MANILA BULLETIN)
The word stigma comes from the Greek language, existing both as a noun (stigma) and a verb (to stigmatize
In examining Somali immigrants in Toronto, Kusow (2004) demonstrated how they were able to counter the stigma of being "Black" by not only disavowing their own stigma but also by stigmatizing those who stigmatize
The dynamics of stigmatization between drug users are further nuanced as some research suggests users of the same drug often stigmatize
and experience stigma from one another.
"We must resolve that, in our determination to protect our nation, we will not stigmatize
or demonize entire communities because of the actions of a few.
Given these framing functions, media could potentially stigmatize
HIV/AIDS by overstating its infection channels (problem definition); associating it with a certain social group (causal diagnosis); attributing blame to certain groups (moral judgment); and suggesting or justifying discriminatory solutions (treatment recommendation).
Local councillor Steve Walmsley, 56, Thornaby: "I think it could stigmatize
Weiss states, "Preventing fear and stigmatization depends on controlling of treating the target health problem, countering tendencies of those who stigmatize
others, and supporting those who are stigmatized through emotional support and social policies" (11).
"The privatization of Telmex in Slims favour caused some politicians to stigmatize
him as one of Salinas' businessmen, despite Slim's actions that prove that he is a practical businessman capable of adapting to any government," Martinez writes.
His parents were incensed by what they perceived as an attempt to stigmatize
their son as some sort of unbalanced troublemaker.
In issuing the 2000 exemption, the EPA cited a paucity of documented environmental damage, and the danger that a hazardous waste designation would stigmatize
a valuable recyclable material.
He noted that companies often find themselves unable to reinstate coverage after a major loss has exhausted the limits of an existing policy, and one company's loss can often stigmatize
an entire industry in the eyes of insurers.