stigma

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stigma

 [stig´mah]
1. any mental or physical mark or peculiarity which aids in the identification or in the diagnosis of a condition.
2. a mark, spot, or pore on the surface of an organ or organism.
4. in botany, the uppermost part of a pistil, which secretes a moist, sticky substance to trap and hold the pollen that reaches it.
5. an eyespot of chromatophore-bearing protozoa, such as certain euglenoids, comprising a dark pigmented mass that functions in light detection by shielding the photoreceptor cells from specific wavelengths.
6. a distinguishing personal trait that is perceived as or actually is physically, socially, or psychologically disadvantageous.
7. in the plural, gill slits around the pharynx in urochordates, through which pass respiratory and feeding currents.
8. in the plural, purpuric or hemorrhagic lesions of the hands and/or feet, which resemble crucifixion wounds. adj., adj stigmat´ic, stig´mal.
follicular stigma a spot on the surface of an ovary where the vesicular ovarian follicle will rupture and permit passage of the ovum during ovulation. Called also macula folliculi.

stig·ma

, pl.

stig·mas

,

stig·ma·ta

(stig'mă, -mă-tă), Avoid the mispronunciation stigma'ta of the plural form.
1. Visible evidence of a disease.
2. Synonym(s): follicular stigma
3. Any spot or blemish on the skin.
4. A bleeding spot on the skin, which is considered a manifestation of conversion hysteria.
5. The orange-pigmented eyespot of certain chlorophyll-bearing protozoa (for example, Euglena viridis); filters light by absorbing certain wavelengths.
6. A mark of shame or discredit.
[G. a mark. fr. stizō, to prick]

stigma

(stĭg′mə)
n. pl. stigmas or stigmata (stĭg-mä′tə, -măt′ə, stĭg′mə-)
1. An association of disgrace or public disapproval with something, such as an action or condition: "Depression ... has become easier to diagnose, and seeking treatment does not carry the stigma it once did" (Greg Critser).
2. Medicine
a. A visible indicator of disease.
b. A small bodily mark, especially a birthmark or scar, that is congenital or indicative of a condition or disease.
3. Psychology A bleeding spot on the skin considered to be a manifestation of conversion reaction.
4. stigmata Christianity Bodily marks, sores, or sensations of pain corresponding in location to the crucifixion wounds of Jesus, believed to be given as divine recognition of devotion.
5. Botany The apex of the pistil of a flower, on which pollen grains are deposited and germinate.
6. Biology A small mark, spot, or pore, such as the respiratory spiracle of an insect or an eyespot in certain protists.
7. Archaic A mark burned into the skin as a visible identifier of a person as a criminal or slave; a brand.

stig′mal adj.

stigma

 A sign, mark, feature, indicator of something, which generally has a negative connotation

stig·ma

, pl. stigmata (stig'mă, -mă-tă)
1. Visible evidence of a disease.
2. Synonym(s): follicular stigma.
3. Any spot or blemish on the skin.
4. A bleeding spot on the skin, which is considered a manifestation of conversion hysteria.
5. The orange-pigmented eyespot of certain chlorophyll-bearing protozoa, such as Euglena viridis, which serves as a light filter by absorbing certain wavelengths.
6. A mark of shame or discredit.
[G. a mark. fr. stizō, to prick]

stigma

the upper part of the pistil of a flower on which pollen is deposited. The stigmatic surface secretes a sugary solution which aids germination of the pollen grain, unless a SELF-INCOMPATIBILITY mechanism is operating.

stig·ma

, pl. stigmata (stig'mă, -mă-tă)
1. Visible evidence of a disease.
2. Any spot or blemish on skin.
[G. a mark. fr. stizō, to prick]

Patient discussion about stigma

Q. Should I tell people about it? After a long time of visits to numerous doctors, psychiatrists, speech therapist and others, we were told that our child has autism. We are in a dilemma- should we tell others about it? Will it be better for him or will it put a stigma on him and on his borhters? Don’t get me wrong- we love him more than anything no matter what he has, but we are just not sure how people would react to this news. What would you do?

A. I believe you should do what feels right to you- if at first you would rather tell just your close family members or friends, that is perfectly fine. With time, when your son is older or when you feel more comfortable with the idea of his autism, you can decide to tell everyone else. I don't think nowadays there's any stigma about autistic children, and people understand their needs better than in the past. However, you must be prepared to handle all sorts of people, some of whom may express false opinions about autism.

More discussions about stigma
References in periodicals archive ?
(28) For our health strategy to be realised (29) and to address the disparities in health and social well-being affecting service users,30 stigma in our communities, the media and the health workforce must be tackled.
Stigma is a contributing factor affecting MH nurse recruitment.
All this does is increase the stigma further, but that too has a knock-on effect on the success of the treatment."
Dr Knight also believes there is greater stigma attached to those who have already relapsed after recovering from addictions, as well as those who are in treatment for intravenous drug use.
In addition, high levels of perceived stigma have positively correlated with dysfunctional coping behaviors among individuals who have a substance use disorder or dual diagnosis.
The methodology of self-pollination at anthesis after stigma excision was proposed.
Minority Stress Theory also holds that a higher level of perceived stigma is correlated with depressive symptoms, avoidant coping strategies and an increase in risky sexual behavior (Dentato, Halkitis & Orwat, 2013).
Understanding Implicit Bias: Those of us who are vested in lessening the stigma surrounding health conditions can contribute to this change by increasing our understanding of how individuals form ideas and beliefs about others.
Various instruments have recently been designed to measure HIV-related stigma. One of the most frequently used and referenced is the Stigma Scale of Berger et al.
Parameters studied: The flower blooming parameters and floral morphological attributes namely anther length, breadth, filament length, breadth, stigma diameter, receptivity of stigma were measured at different flashes.
We contend that a communication-based definition of stigma--and, thus, abortion stigma--is necessary to "locate" stigma outside of the individual and to emphasize its discursive nature.