The differential diagnosis of ovarian clear cell carcinoma includes epithelial ovarian neoplasms (discussed above), dysgerminoma, yolk sac tumor, granulosa cell tumor, and steroid cell tumor (discussed below).
Both juvenile granulosa cell tumor and steroid cell tumor usually express inhibin, calretinin, and FOXL2.
An Ovarian Steroid Cell Tumor Causing Virilization and Massive Ascites.
INTRODUCTION: Steroid cell tumors are tumors composed entirely or predominantly of cells resembling steroid hormone secreting cells.
Origin of an ovarian steroid cell tumor causing isosexual pseudoprecocious puberty demonstrated by the expression of adrenal steroidogenic enzymes and adrenocorticotropin receptor.
Androgen secreting steroid cell tumor of the ovary in a young lactating women with acute onset of severe hyperandrogenism: a case report and review of literature.
INTRODUCTION: Steroid cell tumor
of the ovary a very rare androgen secreting tumor accounts for less than 0.
The differential diagnosis includes sex cord-stromal tumors such as luteinized thecoma, steroid cell tumor
, and hilus cell tumor and metastatic neoplasms such as carcinomas and melanoma.
Collision tumor: serous adenocarcinoma and steroid cell tumor
of the ovary.
An association with pregnancy, multiplicity, mitotic activity and absence of cytoplasmic lipids help to distinguish it from steroid cell tumors
Usually small and unilateral, steroid cell tumors
on MRI are isointense-to-hypointense on T1 and T2 with T1/T2 bright intratumoral cysts (lipid) and postcontrast enhancement (Figure 16B).