sternal


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Related to sternal: sternal puncture

sternal

 [ster´nal]
pertaining to the sternum.
sternal puncture insertion of a hollow needle into the manubrium of the sternum to obtain a sample of bone marrow. The sternum is chosen because of its accessibility and because it is a thin, flat bone. The procedure must be done under surgical asepsis. The clinician anesthetizes the skin and periosteum with a local anesthetic before introducing the sternal needle. The needle is designed with a special guard to prevent penetration beyond the desired depth. When cells are being aspirated into the syringe the patient may experience a sharp pain; otherwise the procedure should not be painful. Samples are examined for abnormal cells, for the proportion of cells in various stages of development, and for the characteristics of the blood cells that predominate. This information is used in conjunction with clinical findings and other tests in diagnosis of blood disorders such as leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and anemia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ster·nal

(ster'năl),
Relating to the sternum.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

sternal

(stûr′nəl)
adj.
Of, relating to, or near the sternum.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ster·nal

(stĕr'năl)
Relating to the sternum.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

sternal

Pertaining to the STERNUM.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ozaki et al, (7) in the 1990's, reported that reconstruction of the sternal region using acrylic resin and polypropylene mesh was feasible.
Harper, "Overview and management of sternal wound infection," Seminars in Plastic Surgery, vol.
Nasal, ocular and mouth discharge were also normal after third day Two crossbred heifer were in sternal and later on second day, laterally recumbent.
However, use of bilateral IMAs has resulted in greater operative deaths, increased risk of sternal wound infections (perhaps due to decreased blood flow to the sternum), prolonged post-CABG ventilation and increased reoperation for bleeding.1
At the time of chest closure, care is taken to align the sternal fragments, ensuring that there is no gap between the bony edges.
Results: Sternal skin stress during each lifting task was significantly different from all others (p < 0.001, repeated measures ANOVA, Tukey post-hoc tests).
Sternal fracture is observed in 3-8% of the cases with blunt thoracic trauma12, whereas 1.7% of the patients had sternal fracture in the present study.
In summary, their experience reports an alternative, single-stage technique of debridement, internal fixation of the sternum, pectoralis major musculocutaneous advancement flaps, and primary closure used in patients with sternal dehiscence following median sternotomy.
Sternal radiographs revealed a fracture subluxation with slight step deformity in mid-portion of the sternum, corresponding to the painful area clinically (Figure 1).
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