stereotypic behavior

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stereotypic behavior

a pattern of body movements that has autistic and symbolic meaning for an individual. It may occur in persons with schizophrenia.


the activity or pattern of activity of the patient; can be modified by training and medication; used clinically as a measure of cerebral activity.

abnormal behavior
includes any activity judged to be outside the normal behavior pattern for animals of that particular class and age, including the vices, the fixed patterns of abnormality.
aggressive behavior
is common in animals as part of the establishment of territorial rights by males, as competition for sexual favors, because of fear of the unknown, and as maternal protection of young. In companion animals, aggression and dominance directed against humans can also be learned. See also aggression.
allelomimetic behavior
group activity behavior; those behavioral traits used to interact with others, particularly developed during the early socialization period.
auditory behavior
the use of the voice to communicate is poorly developed in animals but is used for example in the various voices used by cattle including mooing, lowing, bellowing. Is used most extensively by animals in communicating between mother and young and in courtship.
automatistic behavior
see stereotypic behavior (below).
communicative behavior
the behavioral patterns that result in communication between animals. Includes auditory, visual and chemical patterns.
consumptive behavior
includes inappropriate sucking and wool sucking, particularly in cats. May be the result of early weaning.
destructive behavior
involves digging or the destruction of items, such as furniture, doors, or toys, by chewing. Causes include separation anxiety, fear-induced aggression and play aggression.
elimination behavior
the ritual and method of passing urine and feces, particularly as seen in dogs and cats. This includes searching for the site, pre-elimination behavior of sniffing, scratching, etc., posture and post-elimination action such as scratching the ground or covering feces with dirt. Housetraining involves modification of this behavior.
epimeletic behavior
maternal behavior; that demonstrated by a dam caring for her young in the early stages.
et-epimeletic behavior
care-seeking behavior; young responding to the dam's care giving. In puppies, this includes tail-wagging, licking the dam's face, and following the dam closely.
hallucinatory behavior
behavior which suggests dementia. This may be inherent or acquired, e.g. shying at nonexistent objects in cows with nervous acetonemia, biting at imaginary flies by dogs.
ingestive behavior
includes overeating, inadequate intake of food, predation, wool sucking, pica, coprophagia, garbage eating and food-related aggression.
behavior modification
the use of learning techniques to alter behavior.
predatory behavior
chasing and killing is commonly displayed by cats in catching birds and rodents. Dogs, particularly in packs, may show predatory behavior in threatening and killing of livestock and, in some instances, humans.
sexual behavior
includes courtship and the mating act. Much of the behavior is visual including posture, feather fluffing, tail carriage; some of it is auditory, especially in cats, but chemical communication via pheromones is the clincher.
social behavior
behavior relative to others in the group. Includes establishment of the peck order, bulling by steers in feedlots, crowd pressure in the feeding of large groups of pigs, cannibalism in overcrowded communities, even self-immolation in lemming communities. The social stress that may follow abnormal group behavior may result in lowered production, reduction in disease resistance, or the expression of actual disease, e.g. esophagogastric ulcer of pigs.
stereotypic behavior
constant and repetitive actions, such as vocalization, grooming, walking or weaving, which would otherwise be seen normally in the species. See also obsessive-compulsive behavior.
thermoregulatory behavior
actions such as seeking cool places, lapping water, huddling are self-explanatory examples.
visual behavior
body language for animals. Posture, gait, other body movements all convey information about the animal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Criteria for participation consisted of (a) 3 to 5 years old, (b) eligibility of significant developmental delay, (c) attend same special education preschool class, and (d) demonstrate off-task or stereotypic behaviors.
As shown in Figure 1, the participant consistently engaged in more stereotypic behaviors when background music was absent compared to when it was present.
The effects of advance notice of activity transitions on stereotypic behavior.
Key words: amphetamine, stereotypic behavior, treatment, habit reversal.
The participants' stereotypic behaviors maintained at reduced levels when the trainer was faded after they had been trained to use the self-management procedures.
On-task behavior was selected for intervention because it is an adaptive behavior that is incompatible with stereotypic behavior.
In addition, Berkson and Mason (1963) found that individuals with mental retardation were more likely to engage in stereotypic behavior or self-manipulation when in situations deprived of environmental stimuli.
Mace and Belfiore (1990) investigated the effectiveness of the high-p command sequence to reduce stereotypic behavior negatively reinforced by escape from task-related demands in a woman with mental retardation.
Center, Dietz, and Kaufman (1982) demonstrated that aberrant behavior increased when students were assigned math problems beyond their achievement levels, and Wolery, Kirk, and Cast (1985) found that when autistic children were given opportunities to engage in stereotypic behavior contingent on mastery of new activities, their rates of engaging in new activities increased.
Antidepressants are often poorly tolerated and do not appear to be effective in decreasing repetitive or stereotypic behaviors associated with intellectual disability.
Reduction of the subscales of stereotypic behaviors and hyperactivity was also significant (P<0.
Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder which is characterized by stereotypic behaviors, variable deficits in language, social skills and a wide range of other behavioral problems.