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(ster'ān, stēr'ān),
The hypothetic parent molecule for any steroid hormone; a saturated hydrocarbon compound that contains no oxygen. The name was originally conceived to achieve forms of systematic nomenclature, but is now supplanted by the fundamental variants: gonane, estrane, androstane, norandrostane (etiane), cholane, cholestane, ergostane, pregnane, and stigmastane.
See also: steroids.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
7), 5[alpha], 14[alpha] and 17[alpha](H) steranes are present in the [C.sub.27]-[C.sub.29] range.
Batterman, "PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), nitro-PAHs, and hopane and sterane biomarkers in sediments of southern Lake Michigan, USA," Science of the Total Environment, vol.
Compared with other suites of the source rocks, P3d source rocks show relatively high [C.sub.27]/[summation][C.sub.27]-[C.sub.29] regular steranes ratios (Table 3).
The slightly higher concentrations of [C.sub.29] monoaromatic steranes (49%), compared with [C.sub.28] (22%) and [C.sub.27] (29%) monoaromatic steranes, suggests a mixed input of terrestrial and marine organic matter.
In addition, biomarker features can reflect the oil maturity, such as [T.sub.s]/([T.sub.s] + [T.sub.m]), [C.sub.27] ~ [C.sub.29]-diasteranes/steranes, the content of low molecular weight steranes, tricyclic terpanes, and homohopanes [20].
and Moldowan J.M.: "Application of steranes, terpanes and monoaromatic to the maturation, migration and source of crude oils".
Yet the samples also held small quantities of hopanes, a class of organic chemicals produced by cyanobacteria and some other bacteria, as well as steranes, which are produced only by eukaryotes.
CHANGES IN MOLECULAR COMPOSITION AND LEVELS OF AEROBIC BIODEGRADATION LEVEL DESCRIPTION 0 paraffinic crude oil not biodegraded 1 [C.sub.1] to [C.sub.15] n-alkanes depleted minor 2 90% of [C.sub.1] to [C.sub.35] n-alkanes light removed 3 alkylcyclohexanes and alkylbenzenes removed, moderate isoalkanes (including isoprenoids) reduced 4 isoprenoids and methylnaphthalenes removed, moderate aromatics depleted in order of increasing molecular weight and alkyl substitution 5 [C.sub.14]-[C.sub.16] bicyclic alkanes extensive removed 6 smaller steranes removed, larger steranes heavy altered, 25-norhopanes formed 7 all steranes removed, 25-norhopanes more heavy abundant 8 hopanes altered very heavy 9 hopanes removed, disteranes altered, severe
JAHNKE: Regarding the timing of the origin of eukaryotes, there is some very excellent evidence in the organic molecular record for steranes in the 1500 to 1600 million year range.
The presence of a homologous series of [C.sub.27]-[C.sub.29] regular steranes was observed in crude oil and source rock samples.
N-alkanes, isoprenoid alkanes, Steranes, and Terpanes are mainly used as saturated hydrocarbon biomarker compounds.
The regular steranes are dominated by [C.sub.29] and the [C.sub.27] > [C.sub.28] regular steranes.