Apart from that, Echinoderms are commonly regarded as stenohaline
and are restricted to particular site of high salinity seawater, yet some of them have been found to occur in estuarine habitats.
This specialization has led to an evolutionary secondary loss of glomeruli in a few stenohaline
marine fish species, as filtration of the blood is no longer necessary and comes at too high a price in the form of fluid loss.
Functional morphology of mitochondrion-rich cells in euryhaline and stenohaline
Effects of osmotic shock on the ultrastructure of cell nuclei in euryhaline and stenohaline
This supports the idea that, despite higher salinity values in the UZ, due to high influence of the river proximity, harsher conditions were observed at the LZ and MZ, where the stenohaline
Fifty-five percent of the 40 collected species correspond to a eurihaline marine component, followed by a secondary freshwater component (17.5 %), estuarine residents (15 %), stenohaline
marine (7.5 %), and finally, primary freshwater (5 %).
This temporary exposure to low-salinity water would reduce predation by interrupting the feeding process of the stenohaline
marine predators and causing them to move away (J.
Such alteration would make the post-construction years similar to a naturally occurring harsh year by extending the period when cold, salty water was present (Ross, 1988), and could lead to domination of the nearshore fish community by euryhaline species at the expense of stenohaline
fish (Ross, 1988).
The exception amongst the anchovies is Stolephorus punctifer, a stenohaline
species which prefers neritic and oceanic waters (Hida, 1973).
norvegica is a stenohaline
species intolerant to large salinity variations.
brachydactyla first zoea in 24 h were 19.9 and 56.0, respectively; similar to other marine stenohaline