20% in PP, while the tensile-shearing force did not increase significantly for the EtO sterilization and increased by 11% during superheated steam sterilization
Irradiation has been shown to have less effect on mechanical properties of wood than does steam sterilization
(Hansen 1972), although at high dosage (such as 10 Mrad) effects may result in measurable weight loss (Smith and Sharman 1971).
A typical steam sterilization
cycle consists of a heat-up period, in which the chamber pressure builds up; a sterilization period; and a vent period.
After the steam sterilization
phase, the bottles are filled via short-tube filler of the new VP generation (incl.
In life sciences applications like research laboratories, steam sterilization
(autoclaves) is widely practised to avoid any decontamination of media, culture, equipment, and glassware.
Indicator for controlling steam sterilization
Liu and Bhardwaj developed a material withstanding multiple steam sterilization
events using polyester, polysulfone blends with epoxy-functional styrene-acrylate oligomers.
Chuck Hughes, Vice President of Infection Prevention Consulting Services, Crosstex International/SPSmedical Supply Corporation, Cantel Medical Corporation: When sterilization is done in the OR, it is most often immediate-use steam sterilization
(IUSS), formerly referred to as fl ash or emergency sterilization.
The design of the cartridges provides exceptional mechanical strength as demonstrated through repeated steam sterilization
in-situ at temperatures of up to 135 [degrees] C (275 [degrees] F) for 100 cycles at 20 minutes per cycle.
Westar Ready-to-Use (RU) steam-sterilized plungers can mitigate risk for chemical and physical deterioration of the component through an optimized steam sterilization
cycle that, when compared to high-dose gamma irradiation, may: Minimize impact on the elastomers' physical characteristics, and on chemical oxidation and degradation during the plunger's shelf-life; decrease the numbers and lower the levels of extractables, with less potential for interaction between the plunger and the drug; and improve prefilled syringe functionality due to lower and more consistent break loose forces.
Vials and ampoules, for example, are purchased already sterilized, so their closures do not require steam sterilization
, dry heat sterilization or irradiation prior to aseptic manufacturing.
GE's WAVE Bioreactor system, used for vaccine and other biotherapeutics production, enables cell culturing without requiring cleaning or steam sterilization
by using disposable bags rather than large stainless steel tanks.