status epilepticus


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status

 [sta´tus, stat´us] (L.)
state, particularly in reference to a morbid condition.
absence status sustained clouding of consciousness for several hours, with no interval of normal mental activity, and with few stereotyped movements or no abnormal motor activity.
status asthma´ticus a particularly severe episode of asthma that does not respond adequately to ordinary therapeutic measures and usually requires hospitalization.
status epilep´ticus rapid succession of epileptic spasms without intervals of consciousness; brain damage may result.
status lympha´ticus lymphatism.
performance status ability of a patient to function, as measured by a performance scale.
status thymicolympha´ticus a condition resembling lymphatism, with enlargement of lymphadenoid tissue and of the thymus as the special influencing factor; formerly thought to be the cause of sudden death in children.
status verruco´sus a wartlike appearance of the cerebral cortex, produced by disorderly arrangement of the neuroblasts, so that the formation of fissures and sulci is irregular and unpredictable.
status (omaha) in the omaha system, the condition of the client in relation to objective and subjective defining characteristics.

sta·tus ep·i·lep·'ti·cus

repeated seizure or a seizure prolonged for at least 30 minutes; may be convulsive (tonic-clonic), nonconvulsive (absence or complex partial), partial (epilepsia partialis continuans), or subclinical (electrographic status epilepticus).

status epilepticus

Neurology
1. Per the Intl League Against Epilepsy–a seizure that persists for a sufficient length of time or is repeated frequently enough that recovery between attacks does not occur.
2. Seizures that persist for 20 to 30 mins, ± a time sufficient to cause injury to CNS neurons.
3. Operational definition-either continuous seizures for 5+ mins or 2 or more discrete seizures without complete recovery of consciousness Etiology-acute Metabolic defects–eg, electrolyte imbalances, renal failure, sepsis, CNS infections, strokes, head trauma, drug toxicity, hypoxia Etiology-chronic Preexisting epilepsy where SE is due to breakthrough seizures or discontinuation of antiepileptics; chronic alcohol abuse; or  tumors or stroke Clinical Initially, Pts are unresponsive and have obvious tonic, clonic, or tonic-clonic movements of the extremities; with time, the clinical findings become more subtle, and require EEG confirmation Management Airway control, monitor vitals–temperature, pulse oximetry, monitor cardiac function, measure glucose, administer thiamine and glucose, begin anticonvulsants Management-anticonvulsants Benzodiazepines–eg, lorazepam, et al, if no response–INR → phenytoin or fosphenytoin, INR → repeat phenytoin or fosphenytoin, INR → phenobarbital, INR → repeat phenobarbital, INR → anesthesia with midazolam or profonol, INR, inter Mortality ± 20%. See Seizure. Cf Serial seizures.

sta·tus ep·i·lep·ti·cus

(stā'tŭs ep-i-lep'ti-kŭs)
Repeated seizure, or a seizure prolonged for at least 30 minutes; may be convulsive (tonic-clonic), nonconvulsive (absence or complex partial), partial (epilepsia partialis continuans), or subclinical (electrographic status epilepticus).

status epilepticus

A repeated sequence of major epileptic seizures (grand mal) without recovery of consciousness between attacks. The condition is dangerous and may prove fatal unless controlled. Diazepam or more powerful drugs are given by intravenous injection.

sta·tus ep·i·lep·ti·cus

(stā'tŭs ep-i-lep'ti-kŭs)
Repeated seizures or a seizure of at least 30 minutes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table-III: Etiology vs duration of status epilepticus.
Status epilepticus (SE) was defined as epileptic seizure of greater than five minutes or more than one seizure within a five minute period without the person coming back to normal health state in-between them.
published a retrospective case study of 11 pediatric patients with status epilepticus who were administered intravenous LCM as third or higher line of antiseizure medications.
The incidence of status epilepticus ranges from approximately 5 to 40 per 100,000 based on several population-based studies across the US, Europe, and Asia with a recent meta-analysis reporting an annual incidence of 12.6 per 100,000 [7-9].
Sanchez et al., "Electrographic status epilepticus and long-term outcome in critically ill children," Neurology, vol.
Cephalosporin-induced nonconvulsive status epilepticus: clinical and electroencephalographic features.
Otahal, "Status epilepticus in immature rats is associated with oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction," Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, vol.
Paraneoplastic limbic encephalopathy, Hurst's disease, SLE, primary CNS lymphoma, complex partial status epilepticus, and neurosyphilis should also be included [20].
A second rat experienced status epilepticus following resveratrol administration.
If not treated (or not responding to medication), some patients with epilepsy will experience an episode of prolonged seizure activity, status epilepticus (SE), which is a life-threatening condition [4, 5].