staphylococcal enterotoxin B


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sta·phy·lo·coc·cal en·ter·o·tox·in B

(SEB) (staf'i-lō-kok'ăl en'tĕr-ō-toks'in)
A toxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus and developed as a military toxin agent designed to induce temporary incapacitation. Ingestion leads to a gastrointestinal syndrome, whereas respiratory effects predominate after inhalation. SEB is considered a Category B agent by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
References in periodicals archive ?
Welcher et al., "Human leukocyte antigen-DQ8 transgenic mice: a model to examine the toxicity of aerosolized staphylococcal enterotoxin B," infection and Immunity, vol.
The researchers indicate that their technique may be used to analyze both SEA and Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) from a single sample.
The research team led by led by Paul Bryce, Ph.D., of the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University fed the mice with a mixture of whole peanut extract (WPE) and a toxin from the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, called staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) to simulate the human anaphylactic reaction to peanuts in mice.
(%) of isolates positive for production of other toxins ETA 0 ETB 0 TSST-1 1 (3.1) SEA 0 SEB 32 (100) SEC 0 SED 0 SEE 0 SEG/SEI 0 SEH 0 * PVL, Panton-Valentine leukocidin; ETA, exfoliative toxin A; ETB, exfoliative toxin B; TSST-1, toxic shock syndrome toxin-1; SEA, staphylococcal enterotoxin A; SEB, staphylococcal enterotoxin B; SEC, staphylococcal enterotoxin C; SED, staphylococcal enterotoxin D; SEE, staphylococcal enterotoxin E; SEG, staphylococcal enterotoxin G; SEI, staphylococcal enterotoxin I; SEH, staphylococcal enterotoxin H.
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