Accumulation of raffinose and stachyose
in shoot apices of Lonicera caerulea L.
Preliminary attempts to compare its retention time with stachyose
which, with other sugars of the raffinose family, such as verbascose, might be expected in the Cucurbitaceae (Lewis & Smith, 1967; Lewis, 1984) were unsuccessful.
2005) compared a set of breeding lines with normal or reduced stachyose
derived from a high yield x low stachyose
cross and found no significant difference in the mean performance between high and low stachyose
lines for agronomic characteristics (field emergence, maturity, plant height, lodging, and seed yield) and other seed quality attributes (protein, oil, palmitate, sterate, oleate, linoleate, and linolenate).
Raw chickpea's sucrose, stachyose
and fibrulose content varied with cultivar as shown in Table 1.
Suppliers of powders and isolates have done a phenomenal job of improving processing conditions to remove undesirable compounds, such as the lipoxygenases that cause oil oxidation and bitterness, as well as carbohydrates such as stachyose
and raffinose that can cause gas and discomfort among sensitive and unsuspecting consumers.
Effect of stachyose
, raffinose and soya-saponins supplementation on nutrient digestibility, digestive enzymes, gut morphology and growth performance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, L).
As the beans mature, the content of monosaccharides declines and the complex carbohydrates-raffinose, stachyose
and sucrose increase.
Developing legume and grass seeds accumulate mostly sucrose and [alpha]-galactosides of sucrose, including raffinose, stachyose
, and verbascose (raffinose family oligosaccharides or RFOs) (Horbowicz and Obendoff, 1994; Black et al.
It contains lower amounts of immunologically active glycinin, [beta]-conglycinin and TI than SBM, also, some soluble carbohydrates, primarily sucrose, raffinose, and stachyose
in it have been removed (Hamerstrand et al.
Similar results have been reported where dehulling resulted in a significant increase in protein, starch, resistant starch, phytic acid, stachyose
and verbascose content; however, a significant decrease in total dietary fibre, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn and tannin content was noted [19, 20].
Sucrose, raffinose, stachyose
, galacto-pinitol A [[alpha]-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 [right arrow] 2)-4-O-methyl-1D-chiro-inositol], galactopinitol B [[alpha]-D-galactopyranosyl(1 [right arrow] 2)-3-O-methyl-1D-chiro-inositol], and fagopyritol B1 [[alpha]-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 [right arrow] 2)-1D-chiro-inositol] are the major soluble carbohydrates accumulating in maturing soybean seeds (Schweizer and Horman, 1981; Horbowicz and Obendorf, 1994; Obendorf et al.
Nevertheless, the use of soybean-based foods or feeds has been occasionally restricted because they contain a-galacto-oligosaccharides such as raffinose and stachyose
, which act as anti-nutritive factors (De Lumen, 1992; Anderson and Wolf, 1995; Prashanth and Mulimani, 2005).