The betaine of l-proline found in alfalfa, chrysanthemum, and citrus plants.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Betonicine, stachydrine, methyl glucopyranoside (a + (5), dihydroferulic acid, and galactonate were proposed as new metabolic signatures to distinguish the intake of orange juice with different polyphenol content in the BIONAOS study, which compared a normal-polyphenol orange juice with a high-polyphenol orange juice for 12 weeks in a randomized parallel study (43).
Wu, "Stachydrine ameliorates isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis by suppressing inflammation and oxidative stress through inhibiting NF-[kappa]B and JAK/STAT signaling pathways in rats," International Immunopharmacology, vol.
In the aerial parts of Leonurus cardiaca, there are ingredients belonging to the group of terpenes, including monoterpenes such as iridoids [8], diterpenes of clerodane [9], furanolabdane, and labdane types [10], triterpenes including ursolic and oleanolic acids [11,12], nitrogen-containing compounds such as leonurine [13] and stachydrine 14], and phenylpropanoids such as lavandulifolioside [6], as well as flavonoids [15], phenolic acids [16], volatile oils [17], sterols [18], and tannins.
Except essential oil, plants in this family can also produce alkaloids, for example, leonurine and stachydrine, with many physiological functions [12,13].
Tong et al., "Effect of stachydrine on endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis in rat kidney after unilateral ureteral obstruction," Journal of Asian Natural Products Research, vol.
The major pharmacologically active constituents of LH extracts are alkaloids, such as stachydrine, leonurine, leonurinineand betonicine.