squama

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scale

 [skāl]
1. a thin flake or compacted platelike body, as of cornified epithelial cells. See also squama.
2. a scheme or device by which some property may be measured (as hardness, weight, linear dimension).
3. to remove incrustations or other material from a surface, as from the enamel of teeth.
absolute scale (absolute temperature scale)
1. one with its zero at absolute zero (−273.15°C, −459.67°F).
ASIA scale a descriptive tool developed by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) as a part of the complete classification of patients with spinal cord injuries. Called also Frankel Classification. See accompanying table.
Bayley S's of Infant Development a psychological test for assessing development of infants, using motor, mental, and behavioral developmental scales.
Borg scale a numerical scale for assessing dyspnea, from 0 representing no dyspnea to 10 as maximal dyspnea.
Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment scale a behavioral assessment scale used to evaluate the interactive behavior of a newborn by its responses to environmental stimuli.
Celsius scale (C) a temperature scale with zero at the freezing point of water and the normal boiling point of water at 100 degrees. The abbreviation 100°C should be read “one hundred degrees Celsius.” (For equivalents of Celsius and Fahrenheit temperatures, see Appendix.)
centigrade scale one with 100 gradations or steps between two fixed points, as the Celsius scale.
Fahrenheit scale (F) a temperature scale with the freezing point of water at 32 degrees and the normal boiling point of water at 212 degrees. The abbreviation 100°F should be read “one hundred degrees Fahrenheit.” (For equivalents of Fahrenheit and Celsius temperatures, see Appendix.)
French scale one used for denoting the size of catheters, sounds, and other tubular instruments, each French unit (symbol F) being approximately 0.33 mm in diameter.
Glasgow Coma scale a standardized system for assessing response to stimuli in a neurologically impaired patient, assessing eye opening, verbal response, and motor ability. Reaction scores are depicted in numerical values, thus minimizing the problem of ambiguous and vague terms to describe the patient's neurologic status. (See accompanying Table.) The total score is obtained by adding E, M, and V; a score of 7 or less indicates coma and a score of 9 or more rules out coma.
Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale a hundred-point scale used as axis V of DSM-IV to assess a client's recent and current levels of social, psychological, and occupational functioning.
gray scale a representation of intensities in shades of gray, as in gray-scale ultrasonography.
interval scale a scale having equal numerical distances between intervals in addition to mutually exclusive categories, exhaustive categories, and rank ordering but no zero point.
Karnofsky scale (Karnofsky performance scale) a widely used performance scale, assigning scores ranging from 0 for a nonfunctional or dead patient to 100 for one with completely normal functioning.
Kelvin scale an absolute scale in which the unit of measurement, the kelvin, corresponds to that of the Celsius scale; therefore the ice point is at 273.15 kelvins.
Likert scale a tool used to determine opinions or attitudes; it contains a list of declarative statements, each followed by a scale on which the subject is to indicate degrees of intensity of a given feeling.
Neonatal Behavior Assessment scale Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale.
performance scale a scale that measures a patient's performance status, serving as a prognostic indicator of seriousness of disease or disability. The most widely used scale is the Karnofsky scale.
Problem Rating scale for Outcomes see problem rating scale for outcomes.
semantic differential scale a measurement device that consists of two opposite adjectives with a seven-point scale between them; each item under examination is assigned to a specific point on the scale.
temperature scale one for expressing degree of heat, based on absolute zero as a reference point, or with a certain value arbitrarily assigned to such temperatures as the ice point and boiling point of water.

squa·ma

, pl.

squa·mae

(skwā'mă, skwā'mē),
1. A thin plate of bone.
2. An epidermal scale. Synonym(s): squame
Synonym(s): scale (2)
[L. a scale]

squama

(skwā′mə, skwä′-)
n. pl. squa·mae (-mē′)
1. A scale or scalelike structure.
2. A thin platelike mass, as of bone.

squa·ma

, pl. squamae (skwā'mă, -mē) [TA]
1. [TA] A thin plate of bone.
2. An epidermal scale.
Synonym(s): scale (2) , squame.
[L. a scale]
References in periodicals archive ?
Involucris cylindricis circa 6 mm altis squamae involucri 10 subimbricatae circa 5-6 seriatae gradatim maioribus exterioribus 2.4-3 mm longae 1-1.2 mm latae ovatae apice acuminatae pilosulae ad marginem ciliatae vel fimbriatae extus pilosae, intermediae 2.8-4.1 mm longae 1.4-1.8 mm latae ellipticae vel ovatae sursum ciliatae ad apicem acutae extus interiores 4.6-5.3 mm longae 1.6-2 mm latae anguste ellipticae vel anguste ovatae acutae superne ciliatae vel fimbriatae glabrae 3-7 nervatae; receptacula 1.4 mm alta 0.4 mm lata cylindrica paleacea, paleis 10 in capitulo.
10 mm alta et 4.6 mm lata, pedicellata, pedicelli usque ad 7 mm longi puberuli bracteati, bracteae usque ad 3 mm longae; squamae involucri subimbricatae ca.
Capitula cylindrica ad basim inferne incrassata circa 11 mm alta pedicellata, pedicelli 2.5-7 mm longi pilosi et glanduliferi bracteati, bracteis linearibus usque ad 3.8 mm longis; involucris campanulatis 7.5-8.2 mm altis, receptacula 1-1.3 mm lata glabra; involucri squamae imbricatae 5-6 seriatae, 12-13, gradatim maiores internae, externae 2.1-2.3 x 0.8-1.1 mm, ovatae intermediae ovatae vel ellipticae, interiores anguste ellipticae, omnes trinervatae ad apicem acutae et ciliatae extus glanduliferae et arachnoideae.
4.8 mm alta; squamae involucri 31-36 subimbricatae 7 seriatae gradatim maiores 0.7-3.4 x 0.4-0.9 mm, latae ovatae vel anguste ovatae ad apicem acutae margine ciliatae extus 1-3 costatae glabrae vel leviter pilosae; receptacula convexa minute pilosa.
Squamae pistillatae oblongo-lanceolatae ad ellipticae vel oblanceolatae, apice bifidae rubrobrunneae mucronatae.
40-70-flora; squamae pistillatae persistentes, 3-4.2 mm longae, 1.2-1.6 mm latae, glabrae, subcoriaceae.
10-50-flora; squamae pistillatae persistentes, 3-5.2 mm longae, 1.4-2.3 mm latae, coriaceae, ferrugineae, apice albo ciliolatae.
Inflorescentiae racemosae terminalis; capitula breviter pediculata campanulata 4-7 mm diam x 4-8 mm alta; squamae involucri 32-46 subaequalis biseriatae herbaceae ad marginem scariosae oblongo.lanceolatae; receptacula plana alveolata (alveolis scalariformibus).
Capitula campanulata circa 7 mm alta x 6 mm lata; squamae involucri circa 30, subimbricatae 5-seriatae, valde inaequilongae, ad apicem obtusae margine scariosae fimbriatae extus glabrae 4-costatae, externae ovatae vel late-ovatae 1.3 mm long x 1.0 mm latae, internae angustaeovatae 4-5 mm longae x 0.5 mm latae, hyalinae; receptacula hemisphaerica leviter puberula.
Capitula circa 7 mm alta, squamae involucri circa 30, imbricatae circa 4-seriatae, inaequilongae exteriora late ovatae ad apicem leviter acutae margine ciliatae extus tomentosae, 1.5-3.0 mm longae x 1 mm latae, interiora angusto-ovatae 5 mm longae x 0.5 mm latae extus glabrae; receptacula conica alveolata dense lanata.