spur

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spur

 [sper]
1. a spiked object or goad.
2. a projecting body, as from a bone; called also calcar.
Calcaneal (heel) spur. From Frazier et al., 2000.

cal·car

(kal'kar), [TA]
1. A small projection from any structure; internal spurs (septa) at the level of division of arteries and confluence of veins when branches or roots form an acute angle.
See also: vascular spur.
2. A dull spine or projection from a bone.
Synonym(s): spur [TA]
[L. spur, cock's spur]

spur

(spur)
1. calcar; a spiked projecting body, as from a bone.
2. in dentistry, a piece of metal projecting from a plate, band, or other appliance.

calcaneal spur  a bone excrescence on the lower surface of the calcaneus which frequently causes pain on walking.
scleral spur  the posterior lip of the venous sinus of the sclera to which most of the fibers of the trabecular reticulum of the iridocorneal angle and the meridional fibers of the ciliary muscle are attached.

spur

(spûr)
n.
A spine or projection from a bone.

spur

Etymology: AS, spura
a projection of bone from a body structure or of metal from an appliance. See also exostosis.

spur

Orthopedics A bony projection often arising in a calcified tendon. See Calcaneal spur.

cal·car

(kal'kahr) [TA]
1. A small projection from any structure; internal spurs (septa) at the level of division of arteries and confluence of veins when branches or roots form an acute angle.
2. A spine or projection from a bone.
Synonym(s): spur.
[L. spur, rooster's spur]

spur

  1. a short shoot on which flowers are borne.
  2. an extension of a leafbase below its point of attachment to the petiole.
  3. a hollow, conical projection from the base of a petal, as in the larkspur.

Spur

Any projection from a bone.
Mentioned in: Rotator Cuff Injury

spur

1. an abnormal projecting body, as from a bone.
2. a piece of riding gear worn on the heel of a horserider's boot and used to urge on a horse to a faster speed by digging the spur into the flank.
3. a sharp, horn-covered, bony projection from the shank of male birds of some species. Used as a weapon. Called also metatarsal spur.
4. tracheal spur, the ridge of tracheal cartilage that separates the beginning of the right bronchus from the beginnings of the left one.

spur veins
subcutaneous veins visible over the ventral part of the chest of a horse (superficial thoracic vein). Subject to laceration by indiscriminate use of sharp spurs by the vigorous rider.
References in classic literature ?
bellowed the Sheriff in a voice like an angry bull; and he spurred his horse upon the two who now stood back to back, forgetting in his rage that he had no weapon with which to defend himself.
The muleteers, who had no idea of a joke and did not understand all this about battles and spoils, seeing that Don Quixote was some distance off talking to the travellers in the coach, fell upon Sancho, knocked him down, and leaving hardly a hair in his beard, belaboured him with kicks and left him stretched breathless and senseless on the ground; and without any more delay helped the friar to mount, who, trembling, terrified, and pale, as soon as he found himself in the saddle, spurred after his companion, who was standing at a distance looking on, watching the result of the onslaught; then, not caring to wait for the end of the affair just begun, they pursued their journey making more crosses than if they had the devil after them.
They drove his spurred heels deep into his pony's flanks, they bore the rein against the brute's neck that wheeled him with an impetuous drive toward the plain and safety.