sprain

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Related to sprains: Sprains and Strains

sprain

 [sprān]
wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons, and nerves. A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling, with reddish to blue discoloration due to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.



First aid for a sprain includes immediate rest with no weight bearing in order to prevent further damage. The injured part should be elevated to decrease swelling. Applications of ice or cold compresses (not heat) to the injured part during the first 24 hours also will relieve pain and help prevent swelling. If there is severe tearing or rupture of a ligament or tendon the condition will require immobilization in a cast or surgical repair or both.

sprain

(sprān),
1. An injury to a ligament as a result of abnormal or excessive forces applied to a joint, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

(sprān) a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact.

sprain

(sprān)
n.
1. A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
2. The condition resulting from a sprain.
tr.v. sprained, spraining, sprains
To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).

sprain

a traumatic injury to the tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration of the skin over the joint. The duration and severity of the symptoms vary with the extent of damage to the tissues. Treatment includes support, rest, and alternating cold and heat. Ultrasound therapy may speed recovery. Radiographic images are often indicated to rule out fractures.

sprain

Orthopedics A ligament injury characterized a rupture of fibers without disruption of the ligament itself. See Lateral collateral sprain, Medial collateral sprain, Syndesmosis sprain.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

Stretching or a minor tear of one of the ligaments that hold together the bone ends in a joint or of the fibres of a joint capsule.

sprain

traumatic injury to a ligament and other periarticular soft tissues (i.e. forced movement beyond normal joint range); characterized by pain, inflammation, bruising and swelling of affected joint area; treated with RICE(P) for first 48 hours postinjury and thence with heat, with associated support strapping and imposed rest until resolution is achieved; severe sprains should undergo X-ray to exclude associated avulsion fracture

sprain,

n an acute injury to ligamentous tissues that results from overstretching, ranging in severity from tissue microtrauma to total disruption of the tissues.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain,

n an injury to a joint, with possible rupture of some of the ligaments or tendons but without dislocation or fracture. See also strain.

sprain

wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons and nerves.
A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling owing to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.

Patient discussion about sprain

Q. What do you do for a sprained ankle?

A. R.I.C.E. - Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

Q. What is ERD examination?My doctor want to find where is nerve is sprained. How this examonation will help? If the nerve is sprained by muscles or vertebrae what treat may be given by a doctor?

A. Sorry, but never heard of an examination called ERD, especially not for sprained muscle. Do you mean ERS?

Anyway, you may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sprainsandstrains.html

Q. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury? While I exercise I often get sprain. I have seen many times that ice is used as a first aid for sprains. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury?

A. it does two helpful things- lower the pain (cold can do that) and prevent swelling. the swelling is a body normal reaction that protects the area that was injured. but we would like to avoid it because it'll strain us.

More discussions about sprain
References in periodicals archive ?
The current concensus in the treatment of acute ankle sprains for adults indicates that functional treatment options such as taping or elastic bandage is superior to rigid treatment such as external ankle supports.
Another study, this one published in August in the Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, showed the long-term effects of a single ankle sprain lingered throughout the animals' lives.
In a study by Wiesler and coworkers (4) on 101 ballet and 47 modern dance students, 56% reported lower-limb injuries, with the most common being ankle sprains (28% of all dancers).
A systematic review of 2 RCTs with 703 and 1057 patients concluded that completing a minimum of 6 weeks of balance and coordination training after an acute injury substantially reduced the risk of recurrent ankle sprains for as long as a year NNT=22; absolute risk reduction=4.
Crowell collected data on more than 30 male recreational athletes, some with a history of repetitive ankle sprains and some without, and analyzed joint movements and forces in them during walking and running.
Even a simple misstep from a curb can cause an ankle sprain if you haven't maintained your leg strength and especially if you've suffered a prior ankle sprain--even if it occurred years ago.
A Most sprains and strains improve after a few days and the pain gradually eases.
In addition, the AFO secures and stabilizes the ankle and expedites recovery from ankle sprains.
Working with equipment can also be hazardous for firefighters, as shown by one crew member who got a sprain when a locker shutter jammed and two who sprained themselves while carrying fire service equipment.
Fortunately, most sprains are Grade I or II and heal in three to six weeks.
Use of the Air-Stirrup brace in combination with an elastic wrap promotes a more rapid return to function following first-time grade I and II ankle sprains than either treatment alone or other modes of treatment, reported Bruce D.
Sprains and strains was the leading nature of injury and illness in every major industry sector in 2005.