sprain

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sprain

 [sprān]
wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons, and nerves. A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling, with reddish to blue discoloration due to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.



First aid for a sprain includes immediate rest with no weight bearing in order to prevent further damage. The injured part should be elevated to decrease swelling. Applications of ice or cold compresses (not heat) to the injured part during the first 24 hours also will relieve pain and help prevent swelling. If there is severe tearing or rupture of a ligament or tendon the condition will require immobilization in a cast or surgical repair or both.

sprain

(sprān),
1. An injury to a ligament as a result of abnormal or excessive forces applied to a joint, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

(sprān)
n.
1. A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
2. The condition resulting from a sprain.
tr.v. sprained, spraining, sprains
To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).

sprain

Orthopedics A ligament injury characterized a rupture of fibers without disruption of the ligament itself. See Lateral collateral sprain, Medial collateral sprain, Syndesmosis sprain.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

Stretching or a minor tear of one of the ligaments that hold together the bone ends in a joint or of the fibres of a joint capsule.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

Patient discussion about sprain

Q. What do you do for a sprained ankle?

A. R.I.C.E. - Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

Q. What is ERD examination?My doctor want to find where is nerve is sprained. How this examonation will help? If the nerve is sprained by muscles or vertebrae what treat may be given by a doctor?

A. Sorry, but never heard of an examination called ERD, especially not for sprained muscle. Do you mean ERS?

Anyway, you may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sprainsandstrains.html

Q. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury? While I exercise I often get sprain. I have seen many times that ice is used as a first aid for sprains. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury?

A. it does two helpful things- lower the pain (cold can do that) and prevent swelling. the swelling is a body normal reaction that protects the area that was injured. but we would like to avoid it because it'll strain us.

More discussions about sprain
References in periodicals archive ?
Garlic is an instant home remedy for sprained ankle due to its anti- inflammation effect.
Her newer songs continue to practice what Baker calls"radical vulnerability." But where 'Sprained Ankle' was entirely focused on the singer's inner turmoil,"Turn Out the Lights" has a wider perspective.
Working with equipment can also be hazardous for firefighters, as shown by one crew member who got a sprain when a locker shutter jammed and two who sprained themselves while carrying fire service equipment.
The anterior talofibular ligament was sprained in 26 subjects, the calcaneofibular ligament in 12 subjects, and the posterior talofibular ligament in 10 subjects.
Her show spokeswoman Kris Lingle confirmed: ``Celine has been hampered by a sprained neck for the past week, she aggravated it doing her show.
Boyle J and Negus V (1998): Joint position sense in the recurrently sprained ankle joint.
A You didn't reveal how you sprained your ankle, but it is common whether you are running, jumping or while you are doing any type of weight-bearing activity.
Casting a sprained ankle is likely to prolong treatment, and often doesn't enhance the ultimate result, according to the scientific literature.
A sprained ankle only affects the ankle - the rest of the body is fine.
In the hypertensive group, 3 of 11 reported a URI, none had a UTI, and 1 had a sprained ankle.
During the chase of my cat, I sprained my ankle when I stumbled on a mountainside and thought I had sprained my wrist.
An elephant with a sprained ankle is not a problem easily solved.