sprain

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sprain

 [sprān]
wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons, and nerves. A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling, with reddish to blue discoloration due to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.



First aid for a sprain includes immediate rest with no weight bearing in order to prevent further damage. The injured part should be elevated to decrease swelling. Applications of ice or cold compresses (not heat) to the injured part during the first 24 hours also will relieve pain and help prevent swelling. If there is severe tearing or rupture of a ligament or tendon the condition will require immobilization in a cast or surgical repair or both.

sprain

(sprān),
1. An injury to a ligament as a result of abnormal or excessive forces applied to a joint, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

(sprān) a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact.

sprain

(sprān)
n.
1. A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
2. The condition resulting from a sprain.
tr.v. sprained, spraining, sprains
To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).

sprain

a traumatic injury to the tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration of the skin over the joint. The duration and severity of the symptoms vary with the extent of damage to the tissues. Treatment includes support, rest, and alternating cold and heat. Ultrasound therapy may speed recovery. Radiographic images are often indicated to rule out fractures.

sprain

Orthopedics A ligament injury characterized a rupture of fibers without disruption of the ligament itself. See Lateral collateral sprain, Medial collateral sprain, Syndesmosis sprain.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

Stretching or a minor tear of one of the ligaments that hold together the bone ends in a joint or of the fibres of a joint capsule.

sprain

traumatic injury to a ligament and other periarticular soft tissues (i.e. forced movement beyond normal joint range); characterized by pain, inflammation, bruising and swelling of affected joint area; treated with RICE(P) for first 48 hours postinjury and thence with heat, with associated support strapping and imposed rest until resolution is achieved; severe sprains should undergo X-ray to exclude associated avulsion fracture

sprain,

n an acute injury to ligamentous tissues that results from overstretching, ranging in severity from tissue microtrauma to total disruption of the tissues.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain,

n an injury to a joint, with possible rupture of some of the ligaments or tendons but without dislocation or fracture. See also strain.

sprain

wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons and nerves.
A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling owing to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.

Patient discussion about sprain

Q. What do you do for a sprained ankle?

A. R.I.C.E. - Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

Q. What is ERD examination?My doctor want to find where is nerve is sprained. How this examonation will help? If the nerve is sprained by muscles or vertebrae what treat may be given by a doctor?

A. Sorry, but never heard of an examination called ERD, especially not for sprained muscle. Do you mean ERS?

Anyway, you may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sprainsandstrains.html

Q. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury? While I exercise I often get sprain. I have seen many times that ice is used as a first aid for sprains. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury?

A. it does two helpful things- lower the pain (cold can do that) and prevent swelling. the swelling is a body normal reaction that protects the area that was injured. but we would like to avoid it because it'll strain us.

More discussions about sprain
References in periodicals archive ?
The problems associated with a recurring sprained ankle can co-exist and produce all three symptoms.
2) The Lakers are hopeful Luke Walton, right, will return from a sprained ankle in the next week and that Kwame Brown, left, will soon follow.
A Dance medicine specialists tell me that all sprained ankles are not created equal.
Wide receiver Chris McFoy is still recovering from a sprained ankle he suffered against UCLA and is not 100 percent.
The Lakers also said forward Vladimir Radmanovic has a sprained ligament in his right hand that will keep him out of at least the next two exhibition games.
Jackson was asked if it was fair to say Brown has exceeded expectations stepping in for Chris Mihm, who is out indefinitely with a severely sprained ankle.
PRO BASKETBALL: New York Knicks rookie Channing Frye will miss the rest of the season because of a sprained left knee ligament.
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Maggette will be taking a CAT scan on his sprained left foot, and Ross will be receiving an epidural to alleviate back spasms.
Tice injury report: Minnesota Vikings head coach Mike Tice sprained a ligament in his left knee in the first quarter of Sunday's victory over the New York Giants when Vikings cornerback Laroni Gallishaw blocked Jamaar Taylor into him on a punt return.
Injury report: In addition to possibly losing starting center Mike McCloskey for a few weeks to a shoulder strain, UCLA is hoping defensive tackle Kenneth Lombard's sprained left ankle doesn't keep him from playing next week at Stanford.
The other defensive tackle, Brigham Harwell, left the field on crutches with a sprained right ankle but is expected to be OK.