sprain


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Related to sprain: Ankle sprain

sprain

 [sprān]
wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons, and nerves. A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling, with reddish to blue discoloration due to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.



First aid for a sprain includes immediate rest with no weight bearing in order to prevent further damage. The injured part should be elevated to decrease swelling. Applications of ice or cold compresses (not heat) to the injured part during the first 24 hours also will relieve pain and help prevent swelling. If there is severe tearing or rupture of a ligament or tendon the condition will require immobilization in a cast or surgical repair or both.

sprain

(sprān),
1. An injury to a ligament as a result of abnormal or excessive forces applied to a joint, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

(sprān) a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact.

sprain

(sprān)
n.
1. A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
2. The condition resulting from a sprain.
tr.v. sprained, spraining, sprains
To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).

sprain

a traumatic injury to the tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration of the skin over the joint. The duration and severity of the symptoms vary with the extent of damage to the tissues. Treatment includes support, rest, and alternating cold and heat. Ultrasound therapy may speed recovery. Radiographic images are often indicated to rule out fractures.

sprain

Orthopedics A ligament injury characterized a rupture of fibers without disruption of the ligament itself. See Lateral collateral sprain, Medial collateral sprain, Syndesmosis sprain.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

Stretching or a minor tear of one of the ligaments that hold together the bone ends in a joint or of the fibres of a joint capsule.

sprain

traumatic injury to a ligament and other periarticular soft tissues (i.e. forced movement beyond normal joint range); characterized by pain, inflammation, bruising and swelling of affected joint area; treated with RICE(P) for first 48 hours postinjury and thence with heat, with associated support strapping and imposed rest until resolution is achieved; severe sprains should undergo X-ray to exclude associated avulsion fracture

sprain,

n an acute injury to ligamentous tissues that results from overstretching, ranging in severity from tissue microtrauma to total disruption of the tissues.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain,

n an injury to a joint, with possible rupture of some of the ligaments or tendons but without dislocation or fracture. See also strain.

sprain

wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons and nerves.
A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling owing to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.

Patient discussion about sprain

Q. What do you do for a sprained ankle?

A. R.I.C.E. - Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

Q. What is ERD examination?My doctor want to find where is nerve is sprained. How this examonation will help? If the nerve is sprained by muscles or vertebrae what treat may be given by a doctor?

A. Sorry, but never heard of an examination called ERD, especially not for sprained muscle. Do you mean ERS?

Anyway, you may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sprainsandstrains.html

Q. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury? While I exercise I often get sprain. I have seen many times that ice is used as a first aid for sprains. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury?

A. it does two helpful things- lower the pain (cold can do that) and prevent swelling. the swelling is a body normal reaction that protects the area that was injured. but we would like to avoid it because it'll strain us.

More discussions about sprain
References in periodicals archive ?
Objective: Acute ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries in emergency departments.
After a year, healthy mice were running significantly more mileage on their wheels than those who had sprains.
40) Nearly all of the variations required the participant to have experienced an ankle sprain, and most required previous incidents of giving way.
A recent RCT that enrolled 522 active sports participants with recent ankle injuries found that those who completed an 8-week, self-guided, proprioceptive training program suffered significantly fewer recurrent sprains at 1 year than the control group (22% vs 33%; relative risk reduction=35%; NNT=9).
Oppenheim (21) first reported a case of peroneal palsy complicating ankle sprain nearly 100 years ago.
Studies have shown that 10 to 30 percent of sprains will have symptoms later.
The patients with grade II ankle sprains who received the combined Air-Stirrup/elastic wrap required 10.
Of the 30 subjects, 17 had a right-side sprain and 13 had a left-side sprain; 14 subjects had a Grade I and 16 had a Grade II sprain.
It's possible that the combined treatment would have benefitted these patients--it wasn't studied because the numbers with grade III sprains were anticipated to be too small for meaningful comparison, the investigators explained.
A second-degree sprain involves some tearing of tissues and a greater stretching of the joint.
If your child receives a soft tissue injury, commonly known as a sprain or a strain, or a bone injury, the best immediate treatment is easy to remember.