sprain


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Related to sprain: Ankle sprain

sprain

 [sprān]
wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons, and nerves. A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling, with reddish to blue discoloration due to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.



First aid for a sprain includes immediate rest with no weight bearing in order to prevent further damage. The injured part should be elevated to decrease swelling. Applications of ice or cold compresses (not heat) to the injured part during the first 24 hours also will relieve pain and help prevent swelling. If there is severe tearing or rupture of a ligament or tendon the condition will require immobilization in a cast or surgical repair or both.

sprain

(sprān),
1. An injury to a ligament as a result of abnormal or excessive forces applied to a joint, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

(sprān)
n.
1. A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
2. The condition resulting from a sprain.
tr.v. sprained, spraining, sprains
To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).

sprain

Orthopedics A ligament injury characterized a rupture of fibers without disruption of the ligament itself. See Lateral collateral sprain, Medial collateral sprain, Syndesmosis sprain.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

Stretching or a minor tear of one of the ligaments that hold together the bone ends in a joint or of the fibres of a joint capsule.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

Patient discussion about sprain

Q. What do you do for a sprained ankle?

A. R.I.C.E. - Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

Q. What is ERD examination?My doctor want to find where is nerve is sprained. How this examonation will help? If the nerve is sprained by muscles or vertebrae what treat may be given by a doctor?

A. Sorry, but never heard of an examination called ERD, especially not for sprained muscle. Do you mean ERS?

Anyway, you may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sprainsandstrains.html

Q. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury? While I exercise I often get sprain. I have seen many times that ice is used as a first aid for sprains. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury?

A. it does two helpful things- lower the pain (cold can do that) and prevent swelling. the swelling is a body normal reaction that protects the area that was injured. but we would like to avoid it because it'll strain us.

More discussions about sprain
References in periodicals archive ?
There probably are no handball players who haven't sprained their ankles.
Studies that have investigated methods of treating ankle sprains have usually analyzed the time required to return to work or sports, to achieve complete range of motion, and resolve swelling and pain.1-4 In this study, we compared the effectiveness of two treatment modalities for the management of acute ankle sprain in terms of edema reduction and pain relief.
"Really, there isn't much known about sprains and strains among dogs," said Dr.
(2012) was one of the first to quantify physical activity levels for four weeks after an ankle sprain. Although done in an animal model, the mouse model is an ideal model to prospectively measure lifelong physical activity levels.
"I had never broken anything before so I thought I had just sprained my wrist.
METHODOLOGY: 40 subjects with acute ankle sprain were selected through random sampling by using chit method.
Nearly 40% of individuals who sustain at least one acute (rapid onset) lateral ankle sprain experience residual symptoms, such as a sensation of the ankle "giving way," which leads to chronic ankle instability (CAI).
Inclusion criteria were as follows: the patients were aged [greater than or equal to] 18 years and presented with an isolated unilateral mild to moderate soft tissue injury of the ankle (first- or second-degree ankle sprain), which had happened 48 hours prior to the first dose of medication.
"A sprain occurs when the ligaments that support the ankle bones become stretched beyond their normal range or are torn," says Reyes.
The Traumeel Acute Ankle Sprain Study (TAASS) was a multicenter, double-blind clinical trial of 449 physically active patients aged 18-40 years with a grade 1 or 2 acute lateral ankle sprain.
WONDERKID Yann M'Vila is adamant he'll be fit for France's Euro 2012 campaign despite breaking down with an ankle sprain in his side's friendly triumph over Serbia.
A sprain can be treated using the Rice procedure (Rest, Ice, make Comfortable and Elevation).