cretinism

(redirected from sporadic goitrous cretinism)
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cretinism

 [kre´tĭ-nizm]
arrested physical and mental development with dystrophy of bones and soft tissues, due to congenital lack of thyroid gland secretion from hypofunction or absence of the gland. Affected children have a large head, short limbs, puffy eyes, coarse hair, a round abdomen, a thick and protruding tongue with drooling, excessively dry skin, lack of coordination, and mental retardation. Thyroid deficiency that is acquired or seen in adults is called myxedema. Administration of thyroid hormone medication, which must be continued for life, can result in normal growth and mental development of these children. If untreated, however, they will become permanently dwarfed, probably mentally retarded, and sterile.

cre·tin·ism

(kreh'tin-izm),

cretinism

(krēt′n-ĭz′əm)
n.
A congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone during prenatal development and characterized by small stature, intellectual disability, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism.

cre·tin·ism

(kret'in-izm)
Obsolete term for congenital hypothyroidism.
See also: infantile hypothyroidism

cretinism

A condition caused by thyroid underaction from severe iodine deficiency early in life. It features dwarfism, mental retardation, dry skin, a large tongue and a puffy face. Cretinism occurs mainly in regions remote from the sea. Iodization of table salt and early screening of babies has largely eliminated the condition from such regions.

Cretinism

Severe hypothyroidism that is present at birth and characterized by severe mental retardation.

cre·tin·ism

(kret'in-izm)
Obsolete term for congenital hypothyroidism. This offensive term should be avoided.