spontaneous pneumothorax


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

spon·ta·ne·ous pneu·mo·thor·ax

[MIM*173600]
pneumothorax occurring without iatrogenic or other trauma; primary spontaneous pneumothorax generally occurs in young people with apical blebs but otherwise normal lungs; secondary spontaneous pneumothorax occurs in people with underlying lung disease, most commonly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and, less often, interstitial lung disease, pneumonia, lung abscess, and lung tumors.

spontaneous pneumothorax

Emergency medicine A condition affecting ± 17,000/yr–US, which may be idiopathic or 2º to underlying pulmonary disease–eg, COPD, most commonly occurring in previously healthy tall, thin ♂, age 20-40, 2º to rupture of subpleural blebs At-risk Smokers, family Hx of SP, asthma, emphysema, pneumothorax, rapid ascent to high altitude, histiocytosis.
Clinical Abrupt chest pain, with SOB proportionate to the size of the pneumothorax; tension pneumothorax, while rare, may compromise the circulation by a ball-valve mechanism Treatment Suction followed by water seal drainage Prognosis 30% recur on the same side, a tendency that may be ↓ by intrapleural tetracycline; 10% occur de novo on the opposite side

spon·ta·ne·ous pneu·mo·thor·ax

(spon-tā'nē-ŭs nū'mō-thōr'aks)
Air or gas in the pleural cavity occurring secondary to parenchymal lung disease, usually from an emphysematous bulla that ruptures or occasionally from a lung abscess.

spontaneous pneumothorax

Sudden and unexpected incursion of air into the space between the two layers of the PLEURA so that the underlying lung collapses. The usual cause is rupture of a congenital bleb on the inner pleural layer so that air passes from the lung. In most cases the leak seals itself and the lung soon re-expands.

Spontaneous pneumothorax

Air in the chest cavity that occurs because of disease or other naturally occurring cause. Air and blood together in this space is called a pneumohemothorax.
References in periodicals archive ?
These cysts were ribbon like and arranged along the mediastinal and parietal pleura, and could be the source of spontaneous pneumothorax in our case.
Clinical Characteristics of Spontaneous Pneumothorax With Pneumothorax-Associated Fibroblastic Lesion Biopsy Age, Location/ Smoker No.
Results of repeated video-assisted thoracic surgery for recurrent pneumothorax after primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2017; 53: 857-61.
Comparison of large- and small-bore intercostal catheters in the management of spontaneous pneumothorax. Intern Med J 2003;33:495-9.
In 1996, a small randomized trial found similar savings with a narrow bore chest tube insertion and ambulatory management of spontaneous pneumothorax patients (cost savings of 5660 US$/patient and savings of 5 bed days per case) [28].
Cardillo et al., "Short-term safety of thoracoscopic talc pleurodesis for recurrent primary spontaneous pneumothorax: a prospective European multicentre study," European Respiratory Journal, vol.
There are several types of pneumothorax: primary spontaneous pneumothorax, secondary spontaneous pneumothorax, and iatrogenic/traumatic pneumothorax.
Kramer, "Spontaneous pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and epidural emphysema presenting as neck pain suspicious for meningitis," Pediatric Emergency Care, vol.
Metcalfe et al., "Impact of oxygen concentration on time to resolution of spontaneous pneumothorax in term infants: a population based cohort study," BMC Pediatrics, vol.

Full browser ?