Osteopoikilosis is an autosomal dominant sclerosing bone dysplasia that results in focal deposits of thickened lamellar bone in the spongiosa
. (1) Albers-Schonberg and Ledoux-Lebard initially characterized osteopoikilosis in 1915.
"Periarticular bone alterations in chronic antigen-induced arthritis: free and liposome-encapsulated clodronate prevent loss of bone mass in the secondary spongiosa
." Clinical Immunology, 90(1): pp.79-88 (1999).
From the atrial to ventricular aspect, the order is atrialis located on the inflow side, spongiosa
, fibrosa and ventricularis (Figure 3) (15, 36).
All cups were uncemented and included 102 Spongiosa
Metal II cups (Zimmer, Warsaw, Indiana, USA) and eight Lineage cups (Wright Medical Technology, Arlington, Tennessee, USA).
(4) The foci of hyperostosis are due to alteration in the maturation of the endochondral bone (impairment of secondary spongiosa
resorption and remodeling), which is usually detected between 20-30 years of age.
In Snodgrass single stage hypospadias repair, neo-urethra formation over silicon catheter was performed followed by spongioplasty (approximation of the corpora spongiosa
over the neo-urethra) in a single stage.
The adjacent spongiosa
bone may exhibit a mixed structure, with some osteolytic areas within the sclerotic field, normal, or sclerotic area .
Baskin  et al reported similar fistula rate 10% (OIF) and 15% (TIF) and postulated that the lower fistula rate for the OIF maybe a result of improved healing of the repair with preservation of the spongiosa
supported urethral plate.
The operation report states that position of the cannulated spongiosa
screw had to be changed once but was strongly fixated.
[[double dagger], NR] Thelephora regularis Schwein, [[dagger], [double dagger]] Thelephora schweinitzii Peck [[dagger]] Thelephora spongiosa