spongiform encephalopathy


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spon·gi·form en·ceph·a·lop·a·thy

an encephalopathy characterized by vacuolation within nerve and glial cells.

spongiform encephalopathy

n.
Any of a group of degenerative diseases of the brain characterized by the progressive formation of vacuoles in the cells of the cerebral cortex.

spon·gi·form en·ceph·a·lop·a·thy

(spŏn'ji-fōrm en-sef'a-lop'ă-thē)
An encephalopathy characterized by vacuolation within nerve and glial cells.

spongiform encephalopathy

One of a number of diseases of the nervous system featuring spongy degeneration of the grey matter of the brain, loss of nerve cells and overgrowth of the brain connective tissue cells (astrocytes). The effects are severe loss of function and death. These diseases are associated with an abnormal cellular inclusion called a prion and which can be diagnosed by locating specific defects within the prion gene. See also CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB DISEASE and KURU.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is estimated that spongiform encephalopathy market is expected to grow at a healthy CAGR of 6.1% during the forecast period 2017-2023.
Evaluation of the human transmission risk of an atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy prion strain.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare disorder of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy characterized by progressive dementia.
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy: epidemiological studies on the origin.
* In 2002, 1.3 million cattle were slaughtered in Japan; each was tested for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).
After years of trepidation, the unwanted happened: a cow afflicted with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)--mad cow disease--was discovered in the U.S.
Mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy, eats away the brains of cattle.
Moody's said that although beef consumption has yet to fully regain its level prior to the discovery of the first cow in Japan infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease, it has shown a steady recovery.
Department of Agriculture issued a ban on the importation of parts from ruminants because testing found a single domestic cow tested positive for bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE.
So eating beef products containing bovine spongiform encephalopathy is believed to trigger Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease in humans.
Mad cow disease, also known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, is believed to spread through cattle feed that contains products from infected animals.
The European Union as a whole had embargoed British beef in Match 1996 amid fears that bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or Mad Cow Disease, would spread to the rest of Europe.