spongiform


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spongiform

 [spun´jĭ-form]
resembling a sponge.

spong·y

(spŭn'jē),
Of spongelike texture or appearance.
Synonym(s): spongiform, spongioid

spongiform

/spon·gi·form/ (spun´jĭ-form) resembling a sponge.

spongiform

(spŭn′jĭ-fôrm′)
adj.
Resembling a sponge in appearance or texture; spongy.

spong·y

(spŏn'jē)
Resembling the commercial natural sponge; of spongelike texture or appearance.
Synonym(s): spongiform, spongioid.

spongiform

resembling a sponge.

spongiform encephalopathy
a disease of the brain having the microscopic appearance of a sponge. The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) of animals and humans are Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease in humans and its variant, Gertstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease in humans, kuru, fatal familial insomnia of humans, scrapie in sheep, goats and moufflon, transmissible encephalopathy of mink, chronic wasting disease of deer and elk, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), TSE of zoo ungulates, and feline spongiform encephalopathy. See also bovine spongiform encephalopathy, feline spongiform encephalopathy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Accumulation of mono-glycosylated form-rich, plaque-forming PrPSc in the second atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy case in Japan.
The first is the typical form, otherwise known as subacute spongiform encephalopathy.
3 million cattle were slaughtered in Japan; each was tested for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).
Chapter 5, by Martin Groschup et al, describes immunohistochemicai analysis of the abnormal prion proteins in bovine spongiform encephalopathy and scrapie.
Eating meat contaminated with infectious prions is only one way that spongiform encephalopathies are transmitted.
Several sheep from the flock tested positive for Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE), a class of degenerative neurological diseases characterized by a long incubation period and a 100 percent mortality rate.
Not content to wait until one of the herd falls out and starts showing symptoms of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or mad cow disease, the European Commission has been looking for tests capable of detecting the prion-protein that causes the disease.
Both Mad Cow Disease - or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) - and CJD are members of a group of infectious diseases among the most virulent and dangerous agents known to man.
As its name implies, this work is in fact a series of more or less grotesque distortions of this homely design more suggestive of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy than wholesome goodness.
The deposit date is well before the FDA-established 1980 cut-off date for concern about the risk of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad cow disease) in materials used in vaccines.
Earlier in the year, Northern Ireland was awarded the highest Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) status, NR status.
Prions are now recognized as etiologic agents of other transmissible spongiform encepalopathies, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeld-Jakob disease.