sponge

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sponge

 [spunj]
a porous, absorbent mass, as a pad of gauze or cotton surrounded by gauze, or the elastic fibrous skeleton of certain species of marine animals.
absorbable gelatin sponge a sterile, absorbable, water-insoluble, gelatin-base material used in the control of bleeding.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

sponge

(spŭnj),
1. Absorbent material (for example, gauze, prepared cotton) used to absorb fluids.
2. A member of the phylum Porifera, the cellular endoskeleton of which is a source of commercial sponges.
Synonym(s): spongia
[G. spongia]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

sponge

(spŭnj)
n.
1. A piece of absorbent porous material, such as cellulose, plastic, or rubber, used especially for washing and cleaning.
2. A gauze pad used to absorb blood and other fluids, as in surgery or in dressing a wound.
3. A contraceptive sponge.
v.
To wash, moisten, or absorb with a sponge.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

sponge

Contraceptive sponge, see there.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

sponge

(spŏnj)
1. Absorbent material (e.g., gauze or prepared cotton) used to absorb fluids.
2. A member of the phylum Porifera, the cellular endoskeleton of which is a source of commercial natural sponges.
[G. spongia ]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

sponge

(spunj) [Gr. sphongos, sponge]
1. An elastic, porous mass forming the internal skeleton of certain marine animals; or a rubber or synthetic substance that resembles a sponge in properties and appearance. Synonym: spongia
2. An absorbent pad made of gauze and cotton used to absorb fluids and blood in surgery or to dress wounds.
3. Short term for sponge bath.
4. To moisten, clean, cool, or wipe with a sponge.

abdominal sponge

A flat sponge formerly used during surgery as packing to prevent closing or obstruction by intrusion of viscera, as covering to prevent tissue injury, and as absorbents.
Enlarge picture
CONTRACEPTIVE SPONGE

contraceptive sponge

A sponge impregnated with a spermicide. It is used intravaginally during sexual intercourse as a method of contraception. See: illustration
Synonym: spermicidal sponge See: contraceptive

gauze sponge

A sterile pad made of absorbent material. It is used during surgery and in wound dressing materials.

gelatin sponge

A spongy protein derived from animal collagen. It can be used to arrest local bleeding intraoperatively, to embolize blood vessels, or to form a protective coating around recently manipulated tissues.

spermicidal sponge

Contraceptive sponge.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

sponge

any member of the phylum Porifera. Sponges are multicellular organisms though many biologists regard them as colonies of single cells. Several types of cells exist in a sponge but they are functionally independent of one another and can exist on their own, or in small isolated groups. Usually they possess an internal skeleton of separate crystalline spicules, irregular organic fibres (as, for example, a bath sponge) or both.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
I WOULD just like to comment on BS of Jesmond's vent about incapacity benefit "spongers".
A Buckingham Palace spokeswoman said: "The Duke of Edinburgh categorically did not call Mr Cowell a sponger. He has said he does not know enough about Mr Cowell to comment about him.
If you want to see spongers who are shamelessly playing a broken housing system, look no further than them.
Spongers We are not just talking about the homeless relying on soup kitchens at this time of year - those stereotypes don't apply any more.
Maggie would be so proud as the coalition makes the benefit "spongers" work for their benefits.
It should be a great shame for the Bahraini authorities - government, governorates, councils - spongers all of them on the goodwill of a group of dedicated citizens bent on rescuing animals from starvation and death.
Now, American Republican candidate Mitt Romney has blundered with a comment writing off 47 per cent of Americans as spongers.
It's high time that these spongers are kicked out and looked after by their own tax payers.
It's about time the Government started to reward the people who have paid their dues in National Insurance, taxes and pensions and not the layabout spongers and people coming into this country and reaping the benefits of those of us who have paid.
Cameron jobs plan just won't work SO, Mr Cameron is saying that all men and women who have been on the dole for two years are spongers and now has come up with this magical idea: voluntary work for spongers.
CRYSTAL He seems to take delight in having a go at benefit claimants classing them as spongers or as he says, "workshy".
* DON'T CALL US SPONGERS: Cleaning the ex-Co-op building on New Street (S)