sponge


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sponge

 [spunj]
a porous, absorbent mass, as a pad of gauze or cotton surrounded by gauze, or the elastic fibrous skeleton of certain species of marine animals.
absorbable gelatin sponge a sterile, absorbable, water-insoluble, gelatin-base material used in the control of bleeding.

sponge

(spŭnj),
1. Absorbent material (for example, gauze, prepared cotton) used to absorb fluids.
2. A member of the phylum Porifera, the cellular endoskeleton of which is a source of commercial sponges.
Synonym(s): spongia
[G. spongia]

sponge

(spŭnj)
n.
1. A piece of absorbent porous material, such as cellulose, plastic, or rubber, used especially for washing and cleaning.
2. A gauze pad used to absorb blood and other fluids, as in surgery or in dressing a wound.
3. A contraceptive sponge.
v.
To wash, moisten, or absorb with a sponge.

sponge

Contraceptive sponge, see there.

sponge

(spŏnj)
1. Absorbent material (e.g., gauze or prepared cotton) used to absorb fluids.
2. A member of the phylum Porifera, the cellular endoskeleton of which is a source of commercial natural sponges.
[G. spongia ]

sponge

(spunj) [Gr. sphongos, sponge]
1. An elastic, porous mass forming the internal skeleton of certain marine animals; or a rubber or synthetic substance that resembles a sponge in properties and appearance. Synonym: spongia
2. An absorbent pad made of gauze and cotton used to absorb fluids and blood in surgery or to dress wounds.
3. Short term for sponge bath.
4. To moisten, clean, cool, or wipe with a sponge.

abdominal sponge

A flat sponge formerly used during surgery as packing to prevent closing or obstruction by intrusion of viscera, as covering to prevent tissue injury, and as absorbents.
Enlarge picture
CONTRACEPTIVE SPONGE

contraceptive sponge

A sponge impregnated with a spermicide. It is used intravaginally during sexual intercourse as a method of contraception. See: illustration
Synonym: spermicidal sponge See: contraceptive

gauze sponge

A sterile pad made of absorbent material. It is used during surgery and in wound dressing materials.

gelatin sponge

A spongy protein derived from animal collagen. It can be used to arrest local bleeding intraoperatively, to embolize blood vessels, or to form a protective coating around recently manipulated tissues.

spermicidal sponge

Contraceptive sponge.

sponge

any member of the phylum Porifera. Sponges are multicellular organisms though many biologists regard them as colonies of single cells. Several types of cells exist in a sponge but they are functionally independent of one another and can exist on their own, or in small isolated groups. Usually they possess an internal skeleton of separate crystalline spicules, irregular organic fibres (as, for example, a bath sponge) or both.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under particular conditions, part of the sponge body reorganizes; it loses its characteristic fine-porous structure and looks solid and opaque.
Researchers at the university analyzed 14 different kitchen sponges and found that they harbor even more bacteria when compared to a toilet.
Preoperative diagnosis of retained surgical sponge was made in 9 cases, while in 3 cases the confirmed diagnosis was possible during surgery only.
Intraluminal migration of surgical sponge: gossypiboma.
Cars tour around in the tight neighborhoods of the southern city of Sidon calling on citizens to buy the sponges. Merchants hang them at the entrance of their shops and encourage people to buy.
This allows the sponge to be full so that the make-up sits on top rather than being absorbed, allowing for less product use every time.
Perfect Puds Chocolate Sponge Pudding (2x105g), Aldi, PS1.25 We microwaved them upside down and when we raised the pot, the chocolate sauce cascaded down the sides to form a mini lake around the sponge dome.
Bake for 20 minutes until the sponges are well risen and firm to the touch.
The water absorption capacity of the composite sponge was determined by incubating the composite sponge in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) at pH 7.4 at 37[degrees]C for 2h.
First report of a freshwater sponge (Porifera: Spongillidae) from the West Indies.
And researchers, who spent three years surveying the UK's sea sponges, found 13 new sponge species in Skomer Marine Nature Reserve off the north Pembrokeshire coast.
The most frequent retained surgical item is the cotton gauze surgical sponge, with most reports referring to the 4" x 4" radiopaque textile (raytex) or the 18" x 18" laparotomy pad.