sponge


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sponge

 [spunj]
a porous, absorbent mass, as a pad of gauze or cotton surrounded by gauze, or the elastic fibrous skeleton of certain species of marine animals.
absorbable gelatin sponge a sterile, absorbable, water-insoluble, gelatin-base material used in the control of bleeding.

sponge

(spŭnj),
1. Absorbent material (for example, gauze, prepared cotton) used to absorb fluids.
2. A member of the phylum Porifera, the cellular endoskeleton of which is a source of commercial sponges.
Synonym(s): spongia
[G. spongia]

sponge

(spunj)
1. a porous, absorbent mass, as a pad of gauze or cotton surrounded by gauze.
2. the elastic fibrous skeleton of certain species of marine animals.

absorbable gelatin sponge  a sterile, absorbable, water-insoluble, gelatin-base material, used as a local hemostatic.

sponge

(spŭnj)
n.
1. A piece of absorbent porous material, such as cellulose, plastic, or rubber, used especially for washing and cleaning.
2. A gauze pad used to absorb blood and other fluids, as in surgery or in dressing a wound.
3. A contraceptive sponge.
v.
To wash, moisten, or absorb with a sponge.

sponge

[spunj]
Etymology: Gk, spongia
1 a resilient absorbent mass used to absorb fluids, to apply medication, or to cleanse. The sponge may be the internal skeleton of a certain marine animal, or it may be manufactured from cellulose, rubber, or synthetic material.
2
Usage notes: (informal)
a folded gauze square used in surgery.

sponge

Contraceptive sponge, see there.

sponge

(spŏnj)
1. Absorbent material (e.g., gauze or prepared cotton) used to absorb fluids.
2. A member of the phylum Porifera, the cellular endoskeleton of which is a source of commercial natural sponges.
[G. spongia ]

sponge

(spunj) [Gr. sphongos, sponge]
1. An elastic, porous mass forming the internal skeleton of certain marine animals; or a rubber or synthetic substance that resembles a sponge in properties and appearance. Synonym: spongia
2. An absorbent pad made of gauze and cotton used to absorb fluids and blood in surgery or to dress wounds.
3. Short term for sponge bath.
4. To moisten, clean, cool, or wipe with a sponge.

abdominal sponge

A flat sponge formerly used during surgery as packing to prevent closing or obstruction by intrusion of viscera, as covering to prevent tissue injury, and as absorbents.
Enlarge picture
CONTRACEPTIVE SPONGE

contraceptive sponge

A sponge impregnated with a spermicide. It is used intravaginally during sexual intercourse as a method of contraception. See: illustration
Synonym: spermicidal sponge See: contraceptive

gauze sponge

A sterile pad made of absorbent material. It is used during surgery and in wound dressing materials.

gelatin sponge

A spongy protein derived from animal collagen. It can be used to arrest local bleeding intraoperatively, to embolize blood vessels, or to form a protective coating around recently manipulated tissues.

spermicidal sponge

Contraceptive sponge.

sponge

any member of the phylum Porifera. Sponges are multicellular organisms though many biologists regard them as colonies of single cells. Several types of cells exist in a sponge but they are functionally independent of one another and can exist on their own, or in small isolated groups. Usually they possess an internal skeleton of separate crystalline spicules, irregular organic fibres (as, for example, a bath sponge) or both.

sponge

a porous, absorbent mass, as a pad of gauze or cotton surrounded by gauze, or the elastic fibrous skeleton of certain species of marine animals.

sponge forceps
gelatin sponge (absorbable)
a spongy form of denatured gelatin, soaked with thrombin and used for topical hemostasis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Previously, the sponge was related to a woman's cleanliness," laughed 72-year-old Dibah Joumaa.
Lemon Curd Sponge Puddings (2x110g), Sainsbury's, PS1, A good size and the sponge was light while the hot lemon curd was sweet but with a slight zing.
Unlike others, Pura Naturals' foam technology doesn't leave the sponge wet, thus inhibiting bacteria growth and odor.
14 hectares) of Raiyati (Barren) land for its existing Sponge Iron Plant.
Isfahan's Mobarakeh Steel Company became the world's 2nd largest sponge iron producer by producing 14.
Sweet Eve Strawberry Cream Victoria Sponge Cake (serves 4) Ingredients: 175g butter, soft; 175g caster sugar ; 3 eggs; 175g self-raising flour; 250ml double cream; 1 tsp vanilla bean paste, or vanilla extract; 1 tbsp icing sugar and extra for sifting; 400g Sweet Eve Strawberries; 4 tbsp strawberry jam (optional) Method: Pre-heat the oven to 180degC.
Sponge with Buffed Edge (Part #20213) has two versatile sides.
In the fall and winter months, the larger framework of the sponge deteriorates and gemmules form.
9 percent more bacteria were eliminated than with the other methods tested (such as steeping a sponge in a 10 percent bleach solution for three minutes, or in lemon juice for one minute).
Comparison with other animals supports the idea that sponges form the base of the animal branch of life's evolutionary tree, says April Hill, a developmental biologist at the University of Richmond in Virginia.
He shakes up the mixture and then pours it into a sponge that he has inserted partially into a tube.
Using tiny chips embedded in a seam of each sponge, the RF Surgical Detection System can detect the sponges so they can be removed.