spondylitis

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spondylitis

 [spon″dĭ-li´tis]
inflammation of the vertebrae, usually a serious and chronic disorder. It may be associated with tuberculosis of the bones, in which case it is called pott's disease. The vertebrae become eroded and collapse, causing kyphosis. Spondylitis may also be associated with other infectious diseases, such as brucellosis, in which the intervertebral disks and the vertebrae are affected and sometimes destroyed; this is one cause of ankylosing spondylitis, a particularly serious variety.
ankylosing spondylitis (Bekhterev's spondylitis) a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects the spine, characterized by inflammation of the facet joints and inflammatory changes of the stabilizing ligaments of the spine (enthesopathy). It affects males almost exclusively. There is stiffening of spinal joints and ligaments, so that movement becomes increasingly painful and difficult. When it runs its full course, it results in bony ankylosis of the vertebral joints, which may extend to the ribs and limit the flexibility of the rib cage, so that breathing is impaired. Called also Marie-Strümpell disease or spondylitis and rheumatoid spondylitis.
Typical posture of patient with ankylosing spondylitis. From Copstead and Banasik, 2000.
Kümmell's spondylitis Kümmell's disease.
Marie-Strümpell spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis.
post-traumatic spondylitis Kümmell's disease.
rheumatoid spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis.

spon·dy·li·tis

(spon-di-lī'tis),
Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae.
[spondyl- + G. -itis, inflammation]

spondylitis

(spŏn′dl-ī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the vertebrae.

spondylitis

Orthopedics Inflammation of one or more vertebrae. See Ankylosing spondylitis.

spon·dy·li·tis

(spon'di-lī'tis)
Inflammation of one or more vertebrae.
[G. spondylos, vertebrae + G. -itis, inflammation]

spondylitis

Inflammation of any of the joints between the VERTEBRAE of the spine. This may occur in OSTEOARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, or, more specifically, in ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS.

Spondylitis

An inflammation of the spine.

Patient discussion about spondylitis

Q. Is ankylosing spondylitis genetically inherited?

A. It is known today that ankylosing spondylitis (spondyloarthritis) has a very strong genetic connection. It is not a disease inhertited by a single gene that is dominant, but certainly there is genetic predisposition in families (and a more detailed information- about 90% of the patients express the HLA-B27 genotype).

More discussions about spondylitis