spondaic


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spon·da·ic

(spon-dā'ik),
Relating to spondee.

spondee

(spon′dē″) [L. spondeus, fr Gr. spondeios, pert. to or used in a libation, fr spondē, libation]
A two-syllable word that receives an equal or nearly equal accent on each syllable, e.g., toothbrush, football. Spondaic words are use in audiometry to test for acuity and to establish an auditory baseline
spondaic (spon-dā″ik), adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
Although the CID W-1 consists of 36 of the more familiar spondaic words, some of the stimuli, such as horseshoe, greyhound, drawbridge, inkwell, and whitewash, are peculiar to American English, and they pose an unfair challenge to nonnative speakers of Standard American English.
Sections 2-5 contain analyses of the basic anapestic, dactylic, iambic, and spondaic meters.
To judge from the distorted word order and traces of spondaic and dactylic patterning, this text looks as though it may have been written in hexameters but then deformed.
The use of a first foot diaeresis plus 4-strong to implant an opening rhythm on feet 2-4a is repeated with less emphasis in fragments 2, 4 and 5; but it is an effect commonly used by Vergil, sometimes with great expressive power: compare Aeneid 1.3, `litora -- multum ille et terris [unknown character] iactatus et alto', where the line with its jerky and conflicted movement seems to begin a second time, appropriately, with mult(um) ille, a spondaic foot which includes two word beginnings with two accents.(35) Furius' line end is a version of Cicero's second conformation according to Courtney [unknown character],(36) but with the addition of the caesura at 4-strong, Furius avoids fourth foot homodyny.
spondee Greek spondeios (short for spondeios pous spondaic foot), from spondeios of a libation, a derivative of sponde libation
[GREEK TEXT OMITTED] as "a fine spondaic cadence" (289) (see Chantraine, Grammaire homerique I 54).
Dryden is imitating the spondaic struggle of the Latin (princeps ardentem coniecit lampada Turnus), with its competing stresses of ictus and accent.
Subsequently, the individuals who met the eligibility criteria, as checked in the above-mentioned evaluations, were evaluated by means of the Staggered Spondaic Word (SSW) Test, adapted to Brazilian Portuguese [11].
But he, in liberty of song, Fearless of death or other wrong, With full spondaic toll Poured forth his mighty soul: Poured forth the strain his dream had taught, A nome (26) with lofty passion fraught Such as makes battles won On fields of Marathon.
' ' ' When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw, ' ' ' ' ' ' The line too labors, and the words move slow Stephen Adams gives this prosodically famous line from Paradise Lost: "Rocks, caves,/lakes, fens,/bogs, dens,/and shades/of death" (18), where the three first feet seem spondaic. Hobsbaum states generally that in a "thrusting line," there is a tendency to have a comparatively high proportion of heavily stressed syllables: "Such a ratio of stressed syllables to light syllables slows the line down and gives an effect of weight" (114).
Similarly, relative to the control group, a greater proportion of the blast-exposed group had abnormal performance in one or both ears on a measure of auditory temporal resolution (Gaps-In-Noise Test) [22] (39% vs 3%), on a test of binaural processing (masking level difference) [23-24] (33% vs 3%), and on a measure of speech segregation and competing speech (Staggered Spondaic Word Test [SSW]) (44% vs 3%).
He discusses this exhaustively in his chapter on the prosodic differences between "ancient" and "modern" poets, trying to demonstrate that such metrical liberties as hiatus and spondaic hexameter lines in Vergil are symptomatic of the inherent inferiority of pagan learning.