Splenogonadal fusion (SGF), which is one of the rarest congenital abnormalities in the genital tract, is defined as the ectopic localization of the splenic tissue in/between the mesonephric tissues such as gonadal or perigonadal tissues.
Splenogonadal fusion. Report of a case and review of the literature.
The most common causes include testicular torsion, neoplasms, supernumerary testis, splenogonadal fusion
, and adrenal rests [1, 2].
Testicular lesions to consider include malignant tumours, cysts, intratesticular vericocele, adrenal rest tumours and splenogonadal fusion
. Benign paratesticular lesions include adenomatoid tumours, spermatoceles, cystadenomas, hydroceles, hernias, vericoceles, calculi, polyorchidism, neurofibroma, tunic fibroma, and leiomyoma, while malignant lesions include liposarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, mesothelioma, and papillary serous tumours.
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by congenital fusion between the spleen and testicular tissue.
Key words: Splenogonadal fusion; testis; testicular cancer.
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare benign congenital malformation that is characterized by an abnormal connection between the spleen and the gonad or mesonephric derivatives.
Approximately 160 cases of splenogonadal fusion have been reported to date.
anomaly may mimic tumors and result in unnecessary surgeries.
The possibility of splenogonadal fusion was entertained, based on the extremity anomalies and a [99m.sup.Tc] sulfur-colloid examination was suggested for further evaluation.
Splenogonadal fusion. (The urologist felt there was no indication for surgical intervention at the time and decided to closely observe the patient as follow-up).
is a rare congenital anomaly that may sonographically resemble polyorchidism.[sup.11,12] In this entity spleen, gonad, epididymis and vas deferens are fused.