The most common causes include testicular torsion, neoplasms, supernumerary testis, splenogonadal fusion
, and adrenal rests [1, 2].
Testicular lesions to consider include malignant tumours, cysts, intratesticular vericocele, adrenal rest tumours and splenogonadal fusion
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by congenital fusion between the spleen and testicular tissue.
Microscopic examination of the specimen revealed neither a benign nor malignant tumor, and the lesion was reported as a splenogonadal fusion.
Splenogonadal fusion is postulated to result from the development of an abnormal attachment between the gonad and spleen duriny approximately the [5.
Splenogonadal fusion is typically diagnosed incidentally during surgery for inguinal hernia and/or cryptorchidism, which are the two most frequently associated anomalies.
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare benign congenital malformation that is characterized by an abnormal connection between the spleen and the gonad or mesonephric derivatives.
Approximately 160 cases of splenogonadal fusion have been reported to date.
Although splenogonadal fusion may occur in both sexes, it is much more common in males (in a 9:1 or 15:1 ratio according to various authors).
The possibility of splenogonadal fusion was entertained, based on the extremity anomalies and a [99m.
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare congenital anomaly that affects both sexes, with a male-to-female ratio of 16:1.
When splenogonadal fusion
is suspected, a technetium sulfur colloid scan should be performed to confirm the presence of ectopic splenic tissue.