splenic abscess


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splenic abscess

An abscess of the spleen. It may arise either from the spread of infection from a neighboring organ (that is, a diverticular abscess or a ruptured gastric ulcer) or from hematogenous spread in patients with infective endocarditis.
See also: abscess

splenic

pertaining to the spleen.

splenic abscess
caused by hematogenous spread of an infection elsewhere, by penetration by a foreign body from the reticulum in cattle, by ulceration from the stomach in the horse. Manifested by fever and toxemia, pain on palpation over the spleen and by a positive paracentesis sample.
splenic artery
see Table 9.
splenic corpuscle
lymph nodules in the splenic matrix.
splenic displacement
may be detectable on palpation. Usually caused by displacement of the stomach or intestine to which the spleen is attached.
splenic enlargement
splenic fever
anthrax.
splenic hyperfunction
splenic meridian points
acupuncture points situated along the splenic meridian.
splenic phosphodiesterase
a ribonuclease that is a 5′→3′ exonuclease.
splenic rupture
only likely in a grossly enlarged spleen, e.g. in bovine viral leukosis.
splenic torsion
a twisting or rotation of the spleen on its vascular pedicle, often in association with gastric dilatation-volvulus in large breed dogs, results in primarily venous congestion and possibly thrombosis and infarction. Clinical signs include abdominal distention and pain, vomiting, and in acute cases cardiovascular collapse and shock.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two cases of splenic abscess presented clinically with abdominal pain in the left upper quadrant, fever and abdominal discomfort.
Results: Twelve patients were diagnosed with splenic abscess in the last six years.
6,8,15 Common complications of enteric fever that have been reported are bone marrow suppression, paralytic illus,6,12 other GI complications8,16 pneumonia,12 cholecystitis, endocarditis, osteomylitis, CNS complications and splenic abscess.
Conservative management of isolated splenic abscess in children.
However, there are sporadic case reports of splenic tuberculosis, mainly the splenic abscess where patient is immunocompetent (5).
Conditions associated with splenic infarction can also give rise to a splenic abscess.
Splenic abscess is frequently seen in this infection.
pseudomallei, and throat and splenic abscess aspirate cultures were negative.
It is characterized by hemolytic anaemia and vasoocclusive crisis which can lead to wide spread vascular occlusion by sickled red blood cells leading to multiple organ infarction causing various clinical condition such as peptic ulcer, ischemic colitis, appendicitis, cholecystitis, splenic infarct, splenic abscess.
However, progressive splenic abscess formation contiguous with the diaphragm was noted (Figure 2).
Results: The ultrasound and CT findings included, in order of most common: single or multiple hypoechoic focal lesions, splenic abscess, calcifications (on CT), and isolated splenomegaly.