splenic abscess


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splenic abscess

An abscess of the spleen. It may arise either from the spread of infection from a neighboring organ (that is, a diverticular abscess or a ruptured gastric ulcer) or from hematogenous spread in patients with infective endocarditis.
See also: abscess

splenic

pertaining to the spleen.

splenic abscess
caused by hematogenous spread of an infection elsewhere, by penetration by a foreign body from the reticulum in cattle, by ulceration from the stomach in the horse. Manifested by fever and toxemia, pain on palpation over the spleen and by a positive paracentesis sample.
splenic artery
see Table 9.
splenic corpuscle
lymph nodules in the splenic matrix.
splenic displacement
may be detectable on palpation. Usually caused by displacement of the stomach or intestine to which the spleen is attached.
splenic enlargement
splenic fever
anthrax.
splenic hyperfunction
splenic meridian points
acupuncture points situated along the splenic meridian.
splenic phosphodiesterase
a ribonuclease that is a 5′→3′ exonuclease.
splenic rupture
only likely in a grossly enlarged spleen, e.g. in bovine viral leukosis.
splenic torsion
a twisting or rotation of the spleen on its vascular pedicle, often in association with gastric dilatation-volvulus in large breed dogs, results in primarily venous congestion and possibly thrombosis and infarction. Clinical signs include abdominal distention and pain, vomiting, and in acute cases cardiovascular collapse and shock.
References in periodicals archive ?
Further evaluation was performed to determine the source of the bacteremia and splenic abscess.
An amoeboma, and subsequent splenic abscess, would also be adequately treated by oral metronidazole.
Of these, on CT one patient showed single, regular hypodense lesions; two showed multiple such lesions; two were detected to have multiple splenic abscesses; and one a single splenic abscess.
The possibility of a splenic abscess precipitating ketoacidosis was considered, but the patient had been afebrile and his blood cultures were sterile.
Bacteremia caused by nontyphoidal salmonellae was significantly associated with malaria parasitemia (7), and splenic abscess has been recently reported as an atypical presentation of salmonellosis (8).
After its initial description by Maddison, (4) PSE was temporarily abandoned because of high incidence of complications such as splenic rupture and splenic abscess associated with an unacceptable mortality rate.
A specific source of infection was found in two cases of E faecalis empyema--one in a patient with endocarditis and splenic abscess (13) and one related to an esophago-pleural fistula after pneumonectomy.