splanchnic nerve


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splanch·nic nerve

one of the nerves supplying the viscera. There are three groups of splanchnic nerves: cardiopulmonary splanchnic nerves that convey postsynaptic sympathetic fibers to thoracic viscera; abdominopelvic nerves that convey presynpatic sympathetic fibers to the sympathetic ganglia of the abdominopelvic cavity; and pelvic splanchnic nerves that convey presynaptic parasympathetic fibers to the pelvic ganglia. See also entries under the individual listings for the splanchnic nerves mentioned

splanch·nic nerve

(splangk'nik nĕrv)
One of the nerves supplying the viscera. There are three groups of splanchnic nerves: cardiopulmonary splanchnic nerves that convey postsynaptic sympathetic fibers to thoracic viscera; abdominopelvic nerves that convey presynpatic sympathetic fibers to the sympathetic ganglia of the abdominopelvic cavity; and pelvic splanchnic nerves that convey presynaptic parasympathetic fibers to the pelvic ganglia.

splanchnic nerve

Any one of the paired, purely autonomic nerves from the thoracic sympathetic ganglia. The major splanchnic nerves are the greater, lesser, and least (smallest, renal) splanchnic nerves, which carry preganglionic sympathetic axons from ganglia 6–10 of the thoracic sympathetic trunk to the prevertebral ganglia (celiac, superior mesenteric, and aorticorenal ganglia) in the abdomen.
See also: nerve
References in periodicals archive ?
The splanchnic nerves were observed beside the diaphragm pars and on the lateral of the abdominal aorta.
The angle was measured between the line of the probe and the horizontal line at the center mark (acute angle), and the distance was the length from the center mark on the skin to the operation spot where the splanchnic nerves were resected (Fig.
According to the observation of the anterior of abdominal cavity, the adjacent structures in the upper abdomen were pulled aside to expose the axial structures, the splanchnic nerves were found beside the diagram curs and on the lateral of the abdominal aorta (Fig.
The positions where splanchnic nerves passed through the diaphragm.
The adjacent structures of the splanchnic nerves. After a series of dissections was performed, the splanchnic nerves of both sides were found adjacent to the medial arcuate ligament of diaphragm, the adrenal gland and the crus of diaphragm.
Before reaching the splanchnic nerves, the laparoscope passed in the retroperitoneal space posterior to the descending colon (left), ascending colon (right), kidney, adrenal gland and liver (Fig.
1 and 3), thus showing absence of classical pattern of greater, lesser or least splanchnic nerves as documented in standard textbooks.
The present study showed absence of separate greater, lesser and least splanchnic nerves in the right hemithorax.
The sympathetic trunk and splanchnic nerves are commonly affected by anterior osteophytes of the vertebral column (Nathan, 1987).
Osteophytes of the Spine Compressing the Sympathetic Trunk and Splanchnic Nerves in the Thorax.
risk factors for recurrence of the virus in our patient may have included surgical manipulation of the splanchnic nerves, decreased cell-mediated immunity related to her diabetes, and raised plasma corticosteroid levels.