spittle

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sa·li·va

(să-lī'vă),
A clear, tasteless, odorless, slightly acidic (pH 6.8) viscid fluid, consisting of the secretion from the parotid, sublingual, and submandibular salivary glands and the mucous glands of the oral cavity; its function is to keep the mucous membrane of the mouth moist, to lubricate food during mastication, and, in a measure, to convert starch into maltose, the latter action being effected by a diastatic enzyme, ptyalin.
Synonym(s): spittle
[L. akin to G. sialon]

spittle

Etymology: AS, spittan, spew
saliva.

sa·li·va

(să-lī'vă)
A clear, tasteless, odorless, slightly acid (pH 6.8) viscid fluid, consisting of the secretions from the parotid, sublingual, and submandibular salivary glands and the mucous glands of the oral cavity; its function is to keep the mucous membrane of the mouth moist, to lubricate food during mastication, and to convert starch into maltose.
Synonym(s): spittle.
[L. akin to G. sialon]
References in periodicals archive ?
By transferring maggots among spittles, it should be possible to compare the fate of nymphs with several larvae to those with few or none.
Because the microbial flora of spittle removed from natural habitats may be modified in ways that could influence the outcome, this would require fly larvae reared in natural, nymph-inhabited spittles but denied direct contact with the nymphs themselves.
At least two drosophilid genera have converged on an especially odd larval niche, the ephemeral spittle masses produced by spittlebug nymphs (Ashburner, 1981).
Spittle masses form a moist and micro-organism-rich microhabitat that protects nymphs from desiccation and provides partial protection from predators (Wilson and Dorsey, 1957; Whittaker, 1970; Strong et al.
larvae sometimes irritate Clastoptera globosa Fowler nymphs, causing them to leave their spittle masses and expose themselves to potential predation.
There are also unresolved questions concerning Cladochaeta host range and the extent to which Cladochaeta larvae depend on the spittle microhabitat with or without parasitic interactions.
In contrast to Cladochaeta inversa, this unidentified Cladochaeta species regularly pupated outside of spittle masses and suffered heavy pupal parasitism from hymenopterous parasites.
Bigger hosts do not seem to produce bigger flies (Table 3), and bigger size could, in any case, be attributed to greater spittle food resources associated with larger spittlebug hosts.
It is possible, for example, that larvae living in the relatively uncrowded conditions we encountered (no more than one maggot per nymph on average, Table 2) have ample spittle food resources (presumably micro-organisms) and are rarely pressed to resort to parasitism, whereas larvae at higher densities might often resort to parasitism to obtain sufficient nutrients.