spirochaete


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Spirochaete

An invalid taxonomic bacterial genus name [Bergey’s]; not in current use as a genus. The correct spelling of the genus is Spirochaeta.

spirochaete

A class of fine, spiral, highly motile bacteria. The three medically most important genera are the Treponema which includes the causal agent of syphilis T. pallidum ; the Leptospira , which includes L. icterohaemorrhagiae , the cause of leptospirosis; and the Borrelia , which include the cause of relapsing fever, B. recurrentis , and of Lyme disease, B. burgdorferi .
References in periodicals archive ?
Experimental infection of broiler breeder hens with the intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira (Serpulina) pilosicoli causes reduced egg production.
Chu et al., "Spatial spread and demographic expansion of Lyme borreliosis spirochaetes in Eurasia," Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol.
They can be responsible for infection and abscesses and can potentially transmit Lyme Disease, a particularly nasty condition, caused by a spirochaete called Borrelia, that affects the heart and joints.
Lyme borreliosis, caused by the spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), is a tickborne disease encountered primarily in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere; in some countries, many thousands of cases are reported each year.
Six main phyla were found at varying proportions including 56% and 53% for Firmicutes, 33% and 32% for Bacteroidetes, 6% and 5% for Spirochaete, 2% and 3% for Verrucomicrobia, 1% and 4% for Proteobacteria, and 1% and 1% for Fibrobacteres, in Mongolian horses and Thoroughbred horses, respectively (Figure 3A and 3B).
spirochaete DNA in British ticks (Argasidae and Ixodidae) since the 19th century, assessed by PCR.
Hydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids by Treponema (Borrelia) strain [B.sub.2]5, a rumen spirochaete. J.
Induced maternal response to the Lyme disease spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in a colonial seabird, the kittiwake Rissa tridactyla.
Evaluation of day-old specific pathogen-free chicks as an experimental model for pathogenicity testing of intestinal spirochaete species.
Seasonal variation in the role of grey squirrels as hosts of Ixodes ricinus, the tick vector of the Lyme disease spirochaete, in a British woodland.
Por otro lado, en los filos con menor abundancia se encuentran Proteobacteria (0.71%), Bacteroidetes (0.19%), Fusobacteria (0.05%), DeinococcusThermus (0.04%), Cyanobacteria (0.04%), Acidobacteria (0.02%), Chloroflexi (0.02%), Gemmatimonadetes (0.01%), Tenericutes (0.01%), Planctomycetes (0.01%), Verrucomicrobia (0.01%), Spirochaetes (0.003%), Nitrospirae (0.002%), Synergistetes (0.001%), Chlamydiae (0.0006%) (Tabla 6).
These microbiota are composed of representatives of many phyla, such as Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Spirochaetes, Planctomycetes, Verrucomicrobia, Fusobacteria, Tenericutes and Bacteroidetes (Green & Barnes, 2010; Fernandez-Piquer et al., 2012), as well as those of a wide diversity of bacterial genera, including Vibrio, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Photobacterium, Moraxella, Aeromonas, Micrococcus, and Bacillus (King et al., 2012; Wegner et al., 2013; Romalde et al., 2014; Trabal-Fernandez et al., 2014).