CONCLUSION Additional education is needed for professional nurses concerning spirituality and the provision of spiritual care in a holistic manner.
According to Florczak (2010), spirituality is "looked upon as being a weaving of the significant events in a person's life into a meaningful whole and thereby preserving integrity" (p.
Spirituality as a construct is difficult to establish and it is not absolutely known how it is conformed by personality, culture, and cognition, which cannot be observed directly but which are present in measurements of phenomena related to the human being.
In the history of the study of spirituality, one of the most important theoretical guides that founded the current vision was that introduced by Elkins, (6) which indicates that the existence of a part of the human experience, which includes values, perspective attitudes, beliefs, and emotions, can be described as the expressions of spirituality.
Mitroff and Denton (1999a), authors of A Spiritual Audit of Corporate America: Multiple Designs for Fostering Spirituality in the Workplace describe the following characteristics of spirituality:
Spirituality is a feeling of interconnectedness with a oneness, higher power or a being.
A few studies have explored the meaning of spirituality
for African Americas.
Keywords: Personal spirituality
, workplace attitude, organizational commitment
As they predicted, the researchers found that adaptive spirituality
(forgiveness, spiritual practices, spiritual experiences, etc.
Many work places are losing their workers spirituality
because technology overpowers traditional workplaces for stakeholders to maximize their revenues with minimum leverage.
Considering that most Americans self-identify as spiritual or religious (Newport, 2011), there is a need to effectively integrate religion and spirituality
into counseling (Hage, Hopson, Siegel, Payton, & DeFanti, 2006; Myers & Williard, 2003).
at work is a new concept emerged in management and business literature in the West in the recent years and is referred to as a new model .