spiritual care

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Related to spiritual care: CAPPE

spiritual care

that aspect of health care that attends to spiritual and religious needs brought on by an illness or injury. Health care professionals profess a commitment to holistic care, in which the whole person is ministered to, yet they often leave spiritual problems to persons whom they consider better qualified than they to deal with problems of this kind. Thus patients often have deep concerns that are unspoken and suffering that is not shared.

Assessment of spiritual needs should go beyond a perfunctory question about religious affiliation at the time of admission. Questions about values and beliefs should be asked, preferably at the end of the assessment interview, when the patient shows trust and confidence in the nurse. It may be that patients will provide little information at first, but later on, when there is a more trusting relationship with the nurse, or when a frightening medical diagnosis has been made, assessment and interventions may be indicated. However, if patients remain reluctant to discuss personal beliefs and values, their right to privacy is respected.

Stoll has suggested that there are four general areas of concern to be addressed during spiritual assessment. These include (1) the person's concept of God or deity and how this concept is significant in his or her life; (2) sources of help and strength in times of spiritual crises; (3) religious practices; and (4) the relation between spiritual beliefs and health, sickness, and death.

Profound questions of the meaning of suffering and death may surface when a person is experiencing a serious illness or similar crisis of physical health. In the face of impending death or a radical change imposed by the loss of a body part or function, patients may experience panic, anxiety, depression, and feelings of guilt or abandonment. They need opportunities to express spiritual concerns to an attentive listener, to bring into focus and work through their questions and doubts, and to experience hope and support for the beliefs that give them strength and consolation.

While health care providers are not typically the primary source of spiritual counsel, they can contribute to the overall welfare of their patients by being alert for expressions of spiritual distress, listening to the patients when they want to talk about spiritual concerns, and reading and praying with them when appropriate. Referral to the hospital chaplain or the patient's minister, priest, or other spiritual guide is an important part of meeting a patient's spiritual needs, but it does not relieve health care professionals of their responsibility for continued spiritual support.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The goal of general spiritual care is to invite the family to educate you as the care provider on their perspective, rather than offering the care provider's own perception of the meaning or purpose of a patient's experience.
If one thinks of giving holistic care, then the focus needs to be not only on physical care, but also on emotional, social and spiritual care. Yet, the spiritual dimension of care tends to be neglected for many cited reasons: lack of competence in incorporating spiritual aspects of care; confusion about what spirituality really is; perceived lack of time to address such care, and so on.
NHS Forth Valley Spiritual Care Health and Social Care Chaplain, Philip Hacking, said: "As we approach the busyness of Christmas time, this short service will offer some space for people to be quiet and reflect on what for some has been a difficult year because of losing a loved one."
The combination of spiritual care and patient-centered care promotes a trusting relationship between provider and patient leading to improved patient outcomes (Vincensi, 2018).
The holistic model of care enables residents by providing the best physical, psychological, social, and spiritual care in a home-like environment.
When providers are called to deliver spiritual care to a patient of a different culture, especially if the patient is preparing to die, understanding religious and spiritual beliefs can promote conversations about specific spiritual needs.
Fukashima described the importance of spiritual care in reducing depression, suicides and other mental health problems.
It consists of social workers, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, spiritual care co-ordinator and a rehabilitation technician working at the hospice's inpatient unit and with the community palliative care team.
"The units we serve cannot tell the difference between the Reserve members and the active-duty members that we send to provide spiritual care, advise leaders and offer worship services, liturgies and rites."
Physical and spiritual care exist side by side at Baptist Health Medical Center-Little Rock.
"I would say to bishops, 'Woe to you that neglect the spiritual care of people'.