2e) with syncoxa ornamented with spinular patch as depicted, and with one syncoxal (probably coxal) endite with one stout spinulose
element fused to endite basally, and one slender seta.
Male terminalia: Genital fork (sternite 5) of known males with medial surface densely clothed in stout, short setae; phallus characteristically shaped, with distally bifid basal distiphallus and strongly recurved distal distiphallus terminating in a spinulose
swelling ("glans"); known males with basiphallus extending beyond base of distiphallus.
Posterior to the head, rows of bony spinulose
tubercles are arranged along the dorsolateral flank between the dorsal fins and lateral line.
Leaves alternate; short-petiolate; blades oblong, cuneate to suborbicular, pinnately veined, margin serrulate to spinulose
Microspores light gray to brown, papillose to spinulose
Carapace low, covered with yellowish brown thin hairs and black spinulose
Flowers with perianth of 1-5 slender bristles (sometimes 1 or 2 reduced or rudimentary), shorter than the achene or rarely overtopping the summit, retrorsely spinulose
nearly to the base, colorless to pinkish or reddish-brown; stamens 3; anthers (1.
53 times longer than broad, spinulose
mesally, length 0.
Dryopteridaccae Dryopteris cartbusiana Spinulose
Wood Fern (Vill.
The phytoliths are dominated by tree and shrub types (spherical spinulose
and spherical verrucose, Fig.
0[micro]m, flat when young, but faintly spinulose
and pale brown at maturity.
1h); posterior notosetae include homogomph spinigers with short blades finely denticulated and homogomph falcigers with the distal tooth projected toward the setal articulation and fused to it, the inner margin is finely spinulose