spinal

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spinal

 [spi´nal]
1. pertaining to a spine.
2. pertaining to the vertebral column.
spinal cord that part of the central nervous system lodged in the spinal canal, extending from the foramen magnum to the upper part of the lumbar region. It is composed of an inner core of gray substance in which nerve cells predominate and an outer layer of white substance in which myelinated nerve fibers predominate. Called also medulla spinalis. (See Plates and see accompanying figures.)
Gross anatomy of the spinal cord. From Applegate, 2000.
Cross section of the spinal cord. From Applegate, 2000.

spi·nal

(spī'năl),
1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.
2. Relating to the vertebral column.
[L. spinalis]

spinal

/spi·nal/ (spi´n'l)
1. pertaining to a spine or to the vertebral column.
2. pertaining to the spinal cord's functioning independently from the brain.

spinal

(spī′nəl)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or situated near the spine or spinal cord; vertebral: spinal injury.
2. Resembling a spine or spinous part.
n.
An anesthetic injected into the spinal cord to induce partial or complete anesthesia.

spi′nal·ly adv.

spinal

[spī′nəl]
Etymology: L, spina
1 adj, pertaining to a spine, especially the spinal column.
2 n,
Usage notes: (informal)
spinal anesthesia, such as saddle block or caudal anesthesia.

spi·nal

(spī'năl)
1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.
2. Relating to the vertebral column.
Synonym(s): rachial, rachidial.
[L. spinalis ]

spinal

pertaining to a spine or to the vertebral column and in many instances to the spinal cord.

spinal abscess
infection may be introduced hematologically from navel infection to a vertebral body or up the vertebral canal from an infected docking wound. Clinically there is a development of paresis over a few days then paraplegia when the abscess is in the lumbar region or quadriplegia when it is located in the cervical area.
spinal accessory nerve
see accessory nerve, Table 14.
congenital spinal stenosis
stenosis of the vertebral canal present at birth; recorded in calves.
spinal fibrocartilaginous emboli
see fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy.
focal symmetrical spinal poliomalacia
see focal symmetrical spinal poliomalacia.
spinal fusion
surgical creation of ankylosis of contiguous vertebrae.
spinal meninges
spinal meningitis
usually part of cerebrospinal meningitis. May be local related to spinal cord abscess and cause localized pain and muscle rigidity.
spinal muscular atrophy
see hereditary spinal muscular atrophy, hereditary neuronal abiotrophy of Swedish Lapland dogs.
spinal myelitis
spinal myelopathy
spinal nerve
any of the paired nerves arising from the spinal cord and passing out between the vertebrae.
spinal puncture
introduction of a hollow needle into the subarachnoid space of the spinal canal, usually for the purpose of collecting a sample of cerebrospinal fluid, to introduce radiopaque material for myelography, or the injection of an anesthetic.
spinal reflex
any reflex action mediated through a center at the spinal cord.
spinal stenosis
see spinal cord compression (above).
spinal tap
see spinal puncture (above).
spinal trauma
temporary or permanent dislocation of one or more spinal vertebrae; or fracture; causes immediate flaccid paralysis caudal to injury due to spinal shock, followed by residual signs due to damage to spinal cord tissue.
spinal walking
see reflex walking.
References in periodicals archive ?
The endpoint of any micturition cycle was either spontaneous micturition in normal rats or leakage in spinally transected rats.
18 Goodchild et al also reported that intra-thecal midazolam caused spinally mediated anti- nociception by a mechanism involving opioid receptor activation, and Bahar et al showed its anaesthetic affects.
2), which includes CSF fistula headache: "Posttraumatic, postoperative or idiopathic fluid leak demonstrated by measurement of glucose concentration in leaking fluid, or by leakage of spinally injected dye or radioactive tracer" with characteristics of post-lumbar puncture headache (Table).
During his five months of recuperation at the Midlands Centre for Spinal Injuries at Oswestry, Andy heard of the Back-Up Trust, which aims to get the newly spinally injured into the great outdoors accomplishing feats many would never have considered possible again.
TORONTO -- Neonatal outcomes may be improved when low-dose epidurals are administered spinally instead of by infusion, according to a new analysis of data from the Comparative Obstetric Mobile Epidural Trial.
The drug Bupivicaine, which should have been given spinally after the operation to help ease the pain, was injected by mistake into the patient's vein by a senior and experienced male consultant.
has taken this lesson to heart with its Passions Collection of mattresses that might be the best friend the spinally challenged may encounter in the search for comfort and relief.
On the south-east face, a spinally steel framed cylinder hung with bells (an abstraction of a traditional campanile), soars above the surrounding jumble of roofs.
Krames ES, Gershow J, Glassberg A et al: Continuous infusion of spinally administered narcotics for the relief of pain due to malignant disorders.
Accordingly, it was suggested that the response to the tail-flick test may predominantly reflect a spinally integrated nociceptive reflex, whereas the complex painful response assessed by the hot plate test is thought to require the involvement of higher brain functions.