spinal fusion


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fusion

 [fu´zhun]
1. the act or process of melting.
2. the merging or coherence of adjacent parts or bodies.
3. the coordination of separate images of the same object in the two eyes into one.
4. the operative formation of an ankylosis or arthrosis.
diaphyseal-epiphyseal fusion operative establishment of bony union between the epiphysis and diaphysis of a bone.
spinal fusion surgical creation of ankylosis between contiguous vertebrae; used in treatment of spondylosis and ruptured intervertebral disk. Called also spondylosyndesis.

spi·nal fu·sion

, spine fusion
an operative procedure to accomplish bony ankylosis between two or more vertebrae.

spinal fusion

Spondylosyndesis Orthopedics A procedure in which multiple vertebrae are operatively fused, usually with diskectomy or laminectomy; while SF ↑ spinal stability, virtually eliminates pain, ROM is lost

spi·nal fu·sion

, spine fusion (spī'năl fyū'zhŭn, spīn)
A surgical procedure to accomplish bony ankylosis between two or more vertebrae.
Synonym(s): spondylosyndesis.

spinal fusion

A surgical procedure to effect permanent healing between the bodies of two or more adjacent VERTEBRAE. This is done to avoid dangerous movement between vertebrae arising from bone disease of various kinds.

Spinal fusion

An operation in which the bones of the lower spine are permanently joined together using a bone graft obtained usually from the hip.
References in periodicals archive ?
The KG[R]1 is a disposable device and will positively impact the outcome of patients needing a lumbar spinal fusion due to degenerative disc diseases, arthritis in the back and back injuries.
We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive patients who had undergone primary spinal fusion or spinal fusion revision for neuromuscular scoliosis from January 2006 to December 2007.
Among the reported risk factors for ASD following spinal fusion, age, preexisting segment degeneration, and sagittal imbalance have been included [5, 6, 8].
Anterior spinal fusion (ASF) with iliac crest autograft at the L2-3 disc space was then performed (Figure 3).
Several distinct approaches have been developed to achieve adequate spinal fusion. TLIF is commonly performed to obtain a 360-degree spinal arthrodesis through a posterioronly approach in conditions such as degenerative disk disease, degenerative scoliosis, pseudarthrosis, recurrent disk herniation, and spondylolisthesis.
To date, a great body of research on MSCs for spinal fusion procedures was performed in vitro and in vivo but a clinical customary procedure for the use of cell-based strategies for spinal fusion surgery has not been established and contrasting clinical but also preclinical results were reported in literature.
There is a broad spectrum of available treatment options for patients suffering from chronic low back pain in the setting of degenerative disorders of the lumbar spine, including both conservative and operative approaches7.The purpose of the study was to analyze the functional outcome of patients of back pain who underwent spinal fusion by TLIF after one year of surgery.
Comparison of bone grafts for posterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Researchers found that these surgeries are generally safe, with mortality rates decreasing from 2000 to 2009 for total hip and total knee replacement, and also for spinal fusion surgery, and complication rates decreasing for total knee replacement and spinal fusion in patients with few comorbidities (other conditions or diseases).
Editors Sharan (orthopedic surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine), Tang (biomedical engineering, Washington U.), and Vaccaro (spinal surgery, Rothman Institute) have compiled information on the genesis and treatment of spinal disorders, with an emphasis on avoiding spinal fusion when possible and preserving motion.
All five have advanced spinal surgery technique experience, including spinal cord and nerve decompression, spinal fusion, microsurgery and minimally invasive surgery of the lumbar, thoracic and cervical spine, as well as artificial disc replacement.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2002 for spinal fusion surgery in the lower back.