spinal dysraphism


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Related to spinal dysraphism: Meleney ulcer

spinal dysraphism

a general term used to describe a collection of congenital abnormalities that include defects in the vertebrae, and spinal cord or nerve roots.

spi·nal dys·raph·ism

(spī'năl dis-rāf'izm)
A general term used to describe a collection of congenital abnormalities that include defects in the vertebrae and underlying spine or nerve roots.

dysraphism

incomplete closure of a raphe, e.g. of the neural tube. The defect may be complete or partial.

spinal dysraphism
an inherited defect in Weimaraner dogs and reported in many other breeds. From an early age, affected puppies show varying degrees of 'bunny hopping', symmetrical and simultaneous use of the back legs, often overextending them before stepping forward. More severe defects have associated musculoskeletal abnormalities and may be a cause of perinatal death.
sternal dysraphism
congenital split of the sternum; may be associated with peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia.
References in periodicals archive ?
The open system of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation resulting from open spinal dysraphism (with fluid production in the ventricular system and passage down and out through the spinal defect) is thought to play a central role in hindbrain descent and subsequent hydrocephalus.
Davidoff AM, Thompson CV, Grimm JK et al: Occult spinal dysraphism in patients with anal agenesis.
About 50-86% of patients with occult spinal dysraphism will have cutaneous stigmata.
Closed spinal dysraphisms such as diastomatomyelia, dermal sinus, terminal myelocystocoele, lipomas, thickened filum terminale, tethered cord and sacral spina bifida have been described in the literature.
Nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage, spinal dysraphisms, brain tumor, epilepsy, and interventional radiology's management of vascular abnormalities are also addressed.