spina bifida cystica

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Related to spina bifida cystica: meningocele, myeloschisis, hydrocephalus, rachischisis


 [spi´nah] (L.)
spine (def. 1).
spina bi´fida a developmental anomaly characterized by defective closure of the bony encasement of the spinal cord; the spinal cord and meninges may or may not protrude through the defect (see spina bifida cystica and spina bifida occulta). It is further classified according to the extent of neural involvement (see meningocele and meningomyelocele). See also neural tube defect.
spina bi´fida ante´rior a defect of closure on the anterior surface of the bony spinal canal, often associated with defective development of the abdominal or thoracic viscera.
spina bi´fida cys´tica spina bifida in which there is protrusion through the defect of a cystic swelling that contains the meninges (meningocele) or the meninges and spinal cord (meningomyelocele).
spina bi´fida occul´ta spina bifida in which there is a defect in the bony spinal canal without protrusion of the cord or meninges.
Spina bifida occulta. Posterior vertebral arches have not fused; there is no herniation of the spinal cord or meninges. From Frazier et al., 2000.
spina vento´sa dactylitis of the bones of the hands or feet, occurring mostly in infants and children, with enlargement of digits, caseation, sequestration, and sinus formation.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

spi·na bi·fi·da cys·ti·ca

spina bifida associated with a meningeal cyst (meningocele) or a cyst containing both meninges and spinal cord (meningomyelocele) or only spinal cord (myelocele).
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

spi·na bi·fi·da cys·ti·ca

(spī'nă bī'fi-dă sis'tik-ă)
The condition associated with a meningeal cyst (meningocele) or a cyst containing both meninges and spinal cord (meningomyelocele), or only spinal cord (myelocele).
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
nIn spina bifida cystica, a sac or cyst is visible on the back covered by a thin layer of skin.
The incidence of spina bifida cystica varies from 0.5 to 2.5 in 1000 births (1); the vast majority are associated with meningomyelocoele.

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