spina


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Related to spina: spina bifida

spina

 [spi´nah] (L.)
spine (def. 1).
spina bi´fida a developmental anomaly characterized by defective closure of the bony encasement of the spinal cord; the spinal cord and meninges may or may not protrude through the defect (see spina bifida cystica and spina bifida occulta). It is further classified according to the extent of neural involvement (see meningocele and meningomyelocele). See also neural tube defect.
spina bi´fida ante´rior a defect of closure on the anterior surface of the bony spinal canal, often associated with defective development of the abdominal or thoracic viscera.
spina bi´fida cys´tica spina bifida in which there is protrusion through the defect of a cystic swelling that contains the meninges (meningocele) or the meninges and spinal cord (meningomyelocele).
spina bi´fida occul´ta spina bifida in which there is a defect in the bony spinal canal without protrusion of the cord or meninges.
Spina bifida occulta. Posterior vertebral arches have not fused; there is no herniation of the spinal cord or meninges. From Frazier et al., 2000.
spina vento´sa dactylitis of the bones of the hands or feet, occurring mostly in infants and children, with enlargement of digits, caseation, sequestration, and sinus formation.

spine

(spīn), [TA]
1. A short, sharp, thornlike process of bone; a spinous process. Synonym(s): spina [TA]
2. Synonym(s): vertebral column
[L. spina]

ver·te·bral col·umn

(vĕr'tĕ-brăl kol'ŭm) [TA]
The series of vertebrae that extend from the cranium to the coccyx, providing support and forming a flexible bony case for the spinal cord.
Synonym(s): columna vertebralis [TA] , backbone, rachis, spina, spinal column, spine (2) .
References in periodicals archive ?
Doctors are not certain what causes spina bifida but as with many other problems, it appears to result from a combination of genetic and environmental risk factors.
Says Spina, with a chuckle, "This program helps new and recent college grads put their college degree to work for them -- and helps get them able to move out of their parents' basements!
Intervention programs developed to improve self-management in children with spina bifida should target the contextual factors of age and condition severity, while also improving self-management knowledge and self-efficacy.
However, imaging evidence by radiologists has firmly placed meningocele as spina bifida occulta [3, 7,121-123].
Spina bifida is a serious, sometimes lifethreatening condition, known as a 'neural tube defect', which can affect a child's development, motor skills, and ability to cope with everyday life.
"Some research suggests that many cases of spina bifida can be prevented by simply taking an adequate amount of folic acid, usually 400 micrograms daily, well before and during early pregnancy.
A study based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from Peshawar8 reported that out of the 60 patients who underwent multiplanar MRI lumbosacral spine examination, 17(28.3%) had spinal dysraphism, with 15 patients having spina bifida, 11 had tethered cord, 10 had a myelomeningocoele, 7 had a diastematomyelia, 6 had associated spinal lipomas, 3 had a dermal sinus tract, 2 had myelocoeles and 1 had an associated dermoid cyst.
Spina, corporate vice president of expense optimization, had the longer tenure of the two.
This is the first study to explore Internet use among adolescents with spina bifida.
Spina bifida with meningomyelocele occurs when the meninges and spinal cord protrude through a vertebral defect and form a sac filled with CSF.

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